Current status of esophageal endoscopy including the evaluation of smoking and alcohol consumption in Japan: an analysis based on the Japan endoscopy database
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The aim was to investigate the current status of esophageal endoscopy, including the evaluation of smoking and alcohol consumption, in Japan.
A total of 47,441 patients who underwent 69,748 sessions of esophageal endoscopy were registered in the Japan Endoscopy Database between January 2015 and March 2017. The study variables were as follows: (1) methods for monitoring the esophagus and the time required for monitoring and (2) the status of smoking and alcohol consumption in patients with esophageal cancer and head and neck cancer.
Image-enhanced endoscopy was performed in 10.6%, Lugol chromoendoscopy in 4.1%, and magnifying endoscopy in 3.2%. The mean time required for gastrointestinal endoscopy was 10 min 58 s. The mean examination times in patients with or without monitoring of the head and neck were 10 min 51 s and 11 min 13 s, respectively. In 57.0% of the patients with esophageal cancer, the head and neck were monitored at the time of gastrointestinal endoscopy. The proportion of current smokers (esophageal cancer: 16.8–4.7%; head and neck cancer: 24.3–9.3%) and addicted drinkers (esophageal cancer: 52.3–40.8%; head and neck cancer: 50.2–47.3%) were lower at the second or subsequent endoscopy than at the initial endoscopy.
The new strategy for esophageal endoscopy has led to an evolutionary change in Japan. The patients with esophageal cancer and head and neck cancer who underwent a second or subsequent endoscopy had lower incidences of smoking and alcohol consumption, although the incidences remained high.
KeywordsJapan endoscopy database Image-enhanced endoscopy Magnifying endoscopy Esophageal cancer Head and neck cancer
Compliance with ethical standards
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later versions. Informed consent or a substitute for it was obtained from all patients included in the study.
Conflict of interest
There are no financial or other relations that could lead to a conflict of interest.
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