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A series of ecostratigraphic events across the Langhian/Serravallian boundary in an epicontinental setting: the northern Pannonian Basin

  • Katarína HolcováEmail author
  • Jiřina Dašková
  • Klement Fordinál
  • Juraj Hrabovský
  • Rastislav Milovský
  • Filip Scheiner
  • František Vacek
Original Article
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

The ŠO-1 core situated in the NE part of the Pannonian Basin represents a parastratotype of the Badenian stage (regional Central Paratethys stage corresponding to the Langhian and Serravallian). A 150-m-thick succession was deposited between ~ 14.2 and 13.5 Ma (dated by the last common occurrence of Helicosphaera waltrans to the last occurrence of Sphenolithus heteromorphus) and spans the Langhian/Serravallian boundary. The section was subdivided into four units: (1) A transgressive carbonate–siliciclastic complex (core depth ~ 150–122 m) deposited in an inner to mid carbonate ramp setting. Carbonate deposition was episodically interrupted by the input of terrigenous phytodetritus as a result of increased precipitation. (2) Tuffaceous siltstone (core depth ~ 122–48 m) corresponding to a sea-level highstand. This unit starts with a Pteropoda immigration event (14.5–14.2 Ma), which could be related to the closing of the Indian-Mediterranean corridor that triggered a change from Indian- to Atlantic-controlled surface circulation in the Mediterranean-Paratethys basin system. An enhanced proportion of high-nutrient markers and a decreased abundance of warm-water plankton might be indicative of eutrophication and cooling of Paratethyan waters at this time. (3) Lowstand sandstone (core depth ~ 48–26 m) indicating stabilization of sea-grass meadows with eutrophic and hypoxic conditions within their root system. A sea-level fall at this time is correlated with the Ser 1 event. (4) A Serravallian transgressive event (core depth ~ 26–5 m) associated with an increase in diversity of benthic assemblages and stabilization of stenohaline assemblages.

Keywords

Middle Miocene Central Paratethys Paleobiological events Oxygen and carbon stable isotopes Transgressive–regressive cycles 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project was supported by programs PROGRESS Q45, VEGA 02/122/18, Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic (project DKRVO 2019–2023/1.IVa and 2.IIa; National Museum, 00023272). The authors greatly appreciate the reviews of Mihovil Brlek (Zagreb) and one anonymous reviewer as well as constructive comments of the handling editor Maurice Tucker that helped to improve the manuscript significantly. We thank Nela Doláková (Masaryk University, Brno) for her kind and very useful help with palynological analysis.

Supplementary material

10347_2019_576_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (38 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 35 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geology and PaleontologyCharles UniversityPrague 2Czech Republic
  2. 2.National MuseumPrague 1Czech Republic
  3. 3.State Geological Institute of Dionýz ŠtúrBratislava 11Slovakia
  4. 4.Earth Sciences Institute of the Slovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia
  5. 5.Earth Sciences Institute of the Slovak Academy of SciencesBanská BystricaSlovakia
  6. 6.Institute of GeologyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPrague 6 LysolajeCzech Republic

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