pp 1–12 | Cite as

Reactivation of giant Jiangdingya ancient landslide in Zhouqu County, Gansu Province, China

  • Changbao Guo
  • Yongshuang ZhangEmail author
  • Xue Li
  • Sanshao Ren
  • Zhihua Yang
  • Ruian Wu
  • Jijun Jin
Recent Landslides


On 12 July 2018, the giant Jiangdingya ancient landslide reactivated and blocked the Bailongjiang River in Nanyu Town, Gansu Province, China. The ancient landslide was ca. 4.1~4.9 × 107 m3, and the 2018 reactivated landslide was ca. 4.8~5.5 × 106 m3, with the characteristics of a deep-seated retrogressive landslide. The terrain and geological structure of the landslide area are very complicated with alpine valleys and high gradient rivers, and the ancient landslide had maturely developed. The Pingding-Huama fault, which has been active since the late Quaternary, passed through the landslide region. Because of the active fault and tectonic uplift, the lithology is deeply fragmented. Based on the remote sensing interpretation and field investigation, development characteristics and reactivation mechanism of the Jiangdingya ancient landslide are described.


Ancient landslide Reactivation Active fault Formation mechanism 



The authors are grateful to the anonymous reviewers and editors for providing useful comments and suggestions. The authors would like to thank Prof. Chengxuan Tan, Prof. Zhiheng Li, and Prof. Yuliang Cheng for their discussions on the landslide formation mechanism. Postgraduate students Yaqi Shen and Jian Liu participated in the field investigation and laboratory tests.

Funding information

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41731287, 41877279) and the China Geological Survey Project (DD20160271).


  1. Chen HK, Li JJ (1997) General approach on geomorphologic evolution in Bailongjiang basin since Quaternary. J Chongqing Jiaotong Inst 16(1):15–20 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  2. Chen HT (1991) Brief introduction to NanYu big landslide, Zhouqu County, Gansu. NW Hydropower 4:63–63 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Cruden DM, Varnes DJ (1996) Landslide types and processes, special report, transportation research board. Nat Acad Sci 247:36–75Google Scholar
  4. Deng H, Wu LZ, Huang RQ, Guo XG, He Q (2017) Formation of the Siwanli ancient landslide in the Dadu River, China. Landslides 14(1):385–394. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gil E, Długosz M (2006) Threshold values of rainfalls triggering selected deep-seated landslides in the polish Flysch Carpathians. Stud Geomorphol Carpatho-Balcanica 40:21–43Google Scholar
  6. Govi M, Sorzana P, Tropeano D (1982) Landslide mapping as evidence of extreme regional events. Studia Geomorphol Carpatho-Balcanica 15:81–98Google Scholar
  7. Guo CB, Montgomery DR, Zhang YS, Wang K, Yang ZH (2015) Quantitative assessment of landslide susceptibility along the Xianshuihe fault zone, Tibetan Plateau, China. Geomorphology 248:93–110. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Huang RQ, Li WL (2011) Formation, distribution and risk control of landslides in China. J Rock Mech Geotech Eng 3(2):97–116. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Huang X, Yang WM, Zhang CS, Shen JF, Liu T (2013) Deformation characteristics and formation mechanism of Xieliupo landslide in Zhouqu. J Geom 19(2):178–187 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  10. Iverson RM, George DL, Allstadt K, Reid ME, Collins BD, Vallance JW, Schilling SP, Godt JW, Cannon CM, Magirl CS, Baum RL, Coe JA, Schulz WH, Bower JB (2015) Landslide mobility and hazards: implications of the 2014 Oso disaster. Earth Planet Sci Lett 412:197–208. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jiang S, Wen BP, Zhao C, Li RD, Li ZH (2016) Kinematics of a giant slow-moving landslide in Northwest China: constraints from high resolution remote sensing imagery and GPS monitoring. J Asian Earth Sci 123:34–46. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Li SZ, Dai S, Wang HW, Zhang X (2015) Fault features and their implications on distribution and formation of landslides in Bailongjiang region. J Lanzhou Univ (Natural Sciences) 51(2):145–152 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  13. Li X, Liao Q, Wang S, Liu J, Lee S (2008) On evaluating the stability of the Baiyian ancient landslide in the three gorges reservoir area, Yangtze River: a geological history analysis. Environ Geol 55(8):1699–1711. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Liu XW, Yuan DY, Shao YX, Wu Z (2015) Characteristics of late Quaternary tectonic activity in the middle eastern segment of the southern branch of Diebu Bailongjiang Fault, Gansu. J Earth Sci Environ 37(06):111–119 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  15. Martel SJ (2004) Mechanics of landslide initiation as a shear fracture phenomenon. Mar Geol 203(3):319–339. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Meng YM, Chen G, Guo P, Xiong MQ, Janusz W (2013) Research of landslides and debris flows in Bailong River Basin: process and prospect. Mar Geol Quat Geol 33(4):1–15 (in Chinese with English abstract)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mu P (2011) Analysis on causes and stability of landslide at Jiangdingya in Zhouqu County of Gansu Province. China Water Resourc (4):50–52 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  18. Ren JZ (1993) The Nanyu landslip and small earthquake activity. NW Seisgeol J 15(2):94–96 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  19. Ren D, Leslie LM, Lynch MJ, Duan QY, Dai YJ, Wei SG (2013) Why was the August 2010 Zhouqu landslide so powerful? Geogr Environ Sustain 6(1):67–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sassa K, He B (2013) Dynamics and prediction of earthquake and rainfall-induced rapid landslides and submarine megaslides. In: Sassa K, Rouhban B, Briceño S, McSaveney M, He B (eds) Landslides: global risk preparedness. Springer, Berlin, pp 191–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wang FW, Zhang YM, Huo ZT, Peng XM, Wang SM, Yamasaki S (2008) Mechanism for the rapid motion of the Qianjiangping landslide during reactivation by the first impoundment of the Three Gorges Dam reservoir, China. Landslides 5(4):379–386 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wang GX, Xu JL, Liu GD, Li CZ (2004) Landslide science and landslide control technology. China Railway Publishing House, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  23. Wang JR, Qi L, Cai XX (1994) Analysis on landslide of Nanyu in Zhouqu County of Gansu Province. Bull Soil Water Conserv 14(1):57–60 (in Chinese with English abstractGoogle Scholar
  24. Yang WM, Huang X, Zhang CS, Si HB (2014) Deformation behavior of landslides and their formation mechanism along Pingding-Huama active fault in Bailongjiang River Region. J Jilin Univ (Earth Sci Ed) 44(2):574–583 (in Chinese with English abstractGoogle Scholar
  25. Yin YP, Zheng WM, Liu YP, Zhang JL, Li XC (2010) Integration of GPS with InSAR to monitoring of the Jiaju landslide in Sichuan, China. Landslides 7(3):359–365. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Yu JX, Zheng WJ, Yuan DY, Pang JZ, Liu XW, Liu BY (2012) Late Quaternary active characteristics and slip-rate and of Ping ding-Hua ma Fault, the eastern segment of Guanggaishan-Dieshan Fault zone (West Qinlin Mountain). Q Sci 32(5):957–967 (in Chinese with English abstractGoogle Scholar
  27. Yuan RM, Tang CL, Deng QH (2015) Effect of the acceleration component normal to the sliding surface on earthquake-induced landslide triggering. Landslides 12(2):335–344. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Yuan RM, Deng QH, Cunningham D, Xu C, Xu XW, Chang CP (2013) Density distribution of landslides triggered by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake and their relationships to peak ground acceleration. Bull Seismol Soc Am 103(4):2344–2355. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zhang MS, Li TL (2011) Triggering factors and forming mechanism of loess landslides. J Eng Geol 19(4):530–540 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  30. Zhang YS, Guo CB, Lan HX, Zhou NJ, Yao X (2015) Reactivation mechanism of ancient giant landslides in the tectonically active zone: a case study in Southwest China. Environ Earth Sci 74(2):1719–1729. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GeomechanicsChinese Academy of Geological SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Active Tectonics and Crustal Stability AssessmentChina Geological SurveyBeijingChina
  3. 3.Tianjin CenterChina Geological SurveyTianjinChina

Personalised recommendations