, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 105–123 | Cite as

Seismic wave propagation characteristic and its effects on the failure of steep jointed anti-dip rock slope

  • Long-qi Li
  • Neng-pan JuEmail author
  • Shuai Zhang
  • Xiao-xue Deng
  • Daichao Sheng
Original Paper


Discontinuities, such as joints and beddings, usually play a significant role in the seismic response and corresponding failure process of slopes, especially for anti-dip rock slide according to field observations. Shaking table tests associated with numerical analyses are carried out in this paper to explore the effect of seismic wave on response of jointed anti-dip rock slopes. Shaking table tests involve anti-dip rock slope models with different rock types and different excitation intensities. Ten accelerometers are installed inside each slope model to monitor the dynamic response and spectrum shifting characteristics. It is found that the area of failure zone in the soft rock anti-dip slope is approximate 1.5 times the size of that in the hard rock anti-dip slope. Meanwhile, the width and ridge number of the fast Fourier-transformation spectrum along the slope surface can reveal the internal damage features within the anti-dip rock slopes, and the multiple failure planes can also be recognized according to the variation of distance between the innermost and outermost ridges in the fast Fourier-transformation spectrum. Moreover, the distinct element method incorporating a damage model is used to interpret the test results and to identify the main influencing factors for seismic instability. It is found that the failure pattern of a jointed anti-dip rock slope is more sensitive to bedding inclination than to joint inclination.


Jointed anti-dip rock slope Seismic wave propagation characteristic Model test Discrete element method analysis 



The authors appreciate the editors and reviewers for their comments on our manuscript.

Funding information

The present study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41502299, 41372306) as well as Research Planning of Sichuan Education Department, China (Grant No. 16ZB0105), State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection Independent Research Project (Grant No. SKLGP2016Z007), Chengdu University of Technology Young and Middle-Aged Backbone Program (Grant No. KYGG201720), Sichuan provincial science and technology department program (Grant No. 19YYJC2087), and China Scholarship Council Project (Grant No. 201708515101).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018
corrected publication 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment ProtectionChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina
  2. 2.ARC Centre of Excellence for Geotechnical Science and EngineeringThe University of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia

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