Advertisement

Effect of Postharvest Aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) Application on Fruit Quality of Asian Pear (Pyrus Pyrifolia cv. Hosui) During Cold Storage

  • Erdinc BalEmail author
Original Article
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

The study conducted in order to assess the effect of the physiological regulator aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) as a post-harvest treatment on ‘Hosui’ Asian pear fruits during storage period. Fruits were dipped in AVG aqueous solutions (0, 100 and 200 ppm) for 120 s, allowed to dry, and stored at 0–1 oC and 90 ± 5% relative humidity for 120 days. Assessment of pear quality was carried out at 30 day intervals by evaluating the following quality parameters: weight loss, flesh firmness, soluble solids content, titratable acidity, ascorbic acid content, total phenolic content, antioxidant capacity, respiration rate and internal browning rate. AVG treatment delayed ripening and prolonged storage life as indicated by prevented weight loss and delayed loss of acidity, soluble solids content and flesh firmness. At the end of the storage, both doses of AVG application reduced respiration rate and maintained a level of greater bioactive compounds than control fruits. Results indicated that internal browning in 100 ppm AVG treated fruit was significantly less than control after 120 days of storage. It can be concluded that ‘Hosui’ pear treated with AVG can be stored commercially up to 120 days at 0–1 oC and 90 ± 5% relative humidity.

Keywords

Asian pear Cold storage Aminoethoxyvinylglycine Quality Ripening 

Einfluss der Nacherntebehandlung mit Aminoethoxyvinylglycin (AVG) auf die Fruchtqualität von Asiatischen-Birnen (Nashi) (Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Hosui) während der Kühllagerung

Schlüsselwörter

Nashi-Birne Kühllagerung Aminoethoxyvinylglycin Qualität Reife 

Notes

Conflict of interest

E. Bal declares that he has no competing interests.

References

  1. A.O.A.C. (1990) Official method 967.21. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in vitamin preparations and juices, 13th edn. (Official methods of analysis, Washington)Google Scholar
  2. Amarante CVTDO, Drehmer AMF, De Souza F, Francescatto P (2005) Preharvest spraying with gibberellic acid (GA3) and aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) delays fruit maturity and reduces fruit losses on peaches. Re Bras Frutic 27(1):1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Andreotti C, Bregoli AM, Costa G (2004) Pre- and post-harvest aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) application affects maturity and storage of pear fruit. Eur J Hortic Sci 69:147–152Google Scholar
  4. Arzani K, Khoshghalb H, Malakouti MJ, Barzegar M (2009) Polyphenoloxidase activity, polyphenol and ascorbic acid concentrations and ınternal browning in Asian pear (Pyrus serotina Rehd.) fruit during storage in relation to time of harvest. Eur J Hortic Sci 74(2):61–65Google Scholar
  5. Brand-William W, Cuvelier ME, Berset C (1995) Use of a free radical method to evaluate antioxidant activity. Lebenson Wiss Technol 28:25–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brummell DA (2006) Cell wall disassembly in ripening fruit. Funct Plant Biol 33(2):103–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Byers RE (1997) Peach and nectarine fruit softening following aminoethoxyvinylglycine sprays and dips. HortScience 32:86–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Candir E, Candir A, Sen F (2017) Effects of aminoethoxyvinylglycine treatment by vacuum infiltration method on postharvest storage and shelf life of tomato fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 125:13–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cetinbas M, Koyuncu F (2011) Effects of aminoethoxyvinylglycine on harvest time and fruit quality of ‘Monroe’ peaches. J Agric Sci 17:177–189Google Scholar
  10. Chen JL, Yan SJ, Feng Z, Xiao L, Hu XS (2006) Changes in the volatile compounds and chemical and physical properties of ‘Yali’ pear (Pyrus bertschneideri Reld) during storage. Food Chem 97:248–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chitarra MI, Chitarra AB (2005) Pós-colheita de frutos e hortaliças; fisiologia e manuseio. Editora UFLA, LavrasGoogle Scholar
  12. Clayton M, Biasi WV, Southwick SM, Mitcham EJ (2000) Retain affects maturity and ripening of ‘Bartlett’ pear. HortScience 35:1294–1299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Crisosto CH (2000) Asian pears. Postharvest quality maintenance guidelines. http://kare.ucanr.edu/files/123821.pdf. Accessed 4 Feb 2018Google Scholar
  14. D’Aquino S, Schirra M, Molinu MG, Tedde M, Palma A (2010) Preharvest aminoethoxyvinylglycine treatments reduce internal browning and prolong the shelf-life of early ripening pears. Sci Hortic 125:353–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Downs CG, Brady CJ, Campbell J, McGlasson WB (1991) Normal ripening cultivars of Pyrus serotina are either climacteric or nonclimacteric. Sci Hortic 48:213–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fadhil NN, Al-Bamarny SF (2010) Postharvest aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) dips on storage characteristics of ‘Golden Delicious’ and ‘Red Delicious’ apples. Acta Hortic 877:881–885CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Garner D, Crisosto CH, Otieza E (2001) Controlled atmosphere storage and aminoethoxyvinylglycine postharvest dip delay post cold storage softening of ‘Snow King’ peach. Hortechnology 11:598–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hayama H, Tatsuki M, Nakamura Y (2008) Combined treatment of aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) and 1‑methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) reduces melting-flesh peach fruit softening. Postharvest Biol Technol 50:228–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Itai A, Kawata T, Tanabe K, Tamura F, Uchiyama M, Tomomitsu M, Shiraiwa N (1999) Identification of 1‑aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase genes controlling the ethylene level of ripening fruit in Japanese pear (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai). Mol Gen Genet 262:42–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jobling J, Pradhan R, Morris SC, Mitchell L, Rath AC (2003) The effect of ReTain plant growth regulator [aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG)] on the postharvest storage life of ‘Tegan Blue’ plums. Aust J Exp Agric 43:515–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kader AA (2002) Postharvest technology of horticultural crops, 3rd edn. (Oakland, University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources)Google Scholar
  22. Karaman S, Ozturk B, Aksi H, Erdogdu T (2013) The effects of pre-harvest application of aminoethoxyvinylglycine on the bioactive compounds and fruit quality of ‘Fortune’ plum variety during cold storage. Food Sci Technol Int 19:567–576PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Koushesh SM, Moradi S (2016) Internal browning disorder of eight pear cultivars affected by bioactive constituents and enzyme activity. Food Chem 205:257–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kucuker E, Ozturk B, Aksit H, Genc N (2015) Effect of pre-harvest aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) application on bioactive compounds and fruit quality of plum (Prunus salicina Lindell cv. Black Beauty) at the time of harvest and during cold storage. J Anim Plant Sci 25:763–770Google Scholar
  25. Li F, Zhang X, Song B, Li J, Shang Z, Guan J (2013) Combined effects of 1‑MCP and MAP on the fruit quality of pear (Pyrus bretschneideri Reld cv Laiyang) during cold storage. Sci Hortic 164:544–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ma Y, Yang M, Wang J, Jiang CZ, Wang Q (2016) Application of exogenous ethylene inhibits postharvest peel browning of ’Huangguan’ pear. Front Plant Sci 7:2029PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. Martinez MV, Whitaker JR (1995) The biochemistry and control of enzymatic browning. Trends Food Sci Technol 6:195–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Martinez-Romero D, Bailen G, Serrano M, Guillén F, Valverde JM, Zapata P, Castillo S, Valero D (2007) Tools to maintain postharvest fruit and vegetable quality through the inhibition of ethylene action: a review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 47:543–560PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  29. Mitcham EJ, Mitchell FG (2002) Postharvest handling systems: pome fruits. Postharvest technology of horticultural crops (University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication)Google Scholar
  30. Munoz-Robredo P, Rubio P, Infante R, Campos-Vargas R, Manríqueza D, González-Aguero M, Defilippi BG (2012) Ethylene biosynthesis in apricot: identification of a ripening-related 1‑aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase (ACS) gene. Postharvest Biol Technol 63:85–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ozturk B, Kucuker E, Karaman S, Ozkan Y (2012) The effect of cold storage and aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) on bioactive compounds of plum (Prunus salicina Lindell cv. ‘Black Amber’). Postharvest Biol Technol 72:35–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Palou L, Crisosto CH (2003) Postharvest treatments to reduce the harmful effects of ethylene on apricots. Acta Hortic 599:31–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sharma S, Pareek S, Sagar NA, Valero D, Serrano M (2017) Modulatory effects of exogenously applied polyamines on postharvest physiology, antioxidant system and shelf life of fruits: a review. Int J Mol Sci 1789:1–18Google Scholar
  34. Siddiui MW (2017) Preharvest Modulation of postharvest fruıt and vegetable quality. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  35. Slinkard K, Singleton VL (1977) Total phenol analyses: automation and comparison with manual methods. Am J Enol Vitic 28:49–55Google Scholar
  36. Tarabih ME (2014) Improving storability of Le Conte pear fruit using aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) and oxalic acid (OA) under cold storage conditions. Asian J Crop Sci 6:320–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Valdes H, Pizarro M, Campos-Vargas R, Infante R, Defilippi BG (2009) Effect of ethylene inhibitors on quality attributes of apricot cv. Modesto and Patterson during storage. Chil J Agric Res 69:134–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Veltman RH, Kho RM, Schaik ACR, Sanders MG, Oosterhaven J (2000) Ascorbic acid and tissue browning in pears (Pyrus communis L. cvs Rocha and Conference) under controlled atmosphere conditions. Postharvest Biol Technol 19:129–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Veltman RH, Sanders MG, Persijn ST, Peppelenbos HW, Oosterhaven J (1999) Decreased ascorbic acid levels and brown core development in pears (Pyrus communis cv.’Conference’). Physiol Plant 107:39–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wang CY, Mellenthin WM (1977) Effects of aminoethoxy analog of rhizobitoxine on ripening of pears. Plant Physiol 59:546–549PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Yu YB, Yang SF (1979) Auxin-induced ethylene production and its inhibitors by aminoethoxyvinylglycine and cobalt ion. Plant Physiol 64:1074–1077PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zerbini EP, Grassi M, Rizzolo A, Pianezzola A, De Colellis G, Brambilla A (2002) Harvest maturity, mineral content and postharvest quality of ‘Conference’ pears stored in high or low CO2. Acta Hortic 596:839–844CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Agricultural Faculty, Department of HorticultureTekirdag Namik Kemal UniversityTekirdagTurkey

Personalised recommendations