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Erwerbs-Obstbau

, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 85–96 | Cite as

Assessment of Heavy Metal Contents of Mulberry Samples (Fruit, Leaf, Soil) Grown in Gumushane Province

  • Ozgun Kalkisim
  • Duygu OzdesEmail author
  • Cemalettin Baltaci
  • Celal Duran
Original Article
  • 156 Downloads

Abstract

The present study aims to identify the heavy metal contents of white mulberry (Morus alba L.) and black mulberry (Morus nigra L.) that are grown in the city center of Gumushane province and its neighboring counties. Heavy metal analyzes were performed in the fruits, leaves and soils of the plants. The control samples, on the other hand, were collected from the mulberry trees located 3 km away from the highway where the vehicle traffic and industrial activities are at their lowest. Sample collection was performed twice a year, namely during the ripening period and fully ripening period of the fruits.

The analyses of the heavy metals were performed by using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrophotometry (ICP-MS). The obtained results were compared with the acceptable limits of heavy metal for humans as established by the World Health Organization (WHO), Turkish Food Codex (TFC) and the literature and an opinion was submitted as to whether they present any risk in terms of human health. When the available data is evaluated, the mulberries grown in Gumushane province, were found to have presented a health risk in terms of Pb, Cd, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mn and Co metals.

Keywords

Gumushane Mulberry Morus alba L. Morus nigra L. Heavy metal 

Beurteilung des Schwermetallgehaltes bei Maulbeeren (Frucht, Blatt, Boden) aus der Region Gumushane

Schlüsselwörter

Gumushane Maulbeere Morus alba L. Morus nigra L. Schwermetall 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank the Research Council of the Gumushane University (Project No:16.B0110.02.01) for the financial support of this study.

Conflict of interest

O. Kalkisim, D. Ozdes, C. Baltaci and C. Duran declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ozgun Kalkisim
    • 1
  • Duygu Ozdes
    • 2
    Email author
  • Cemalettin Baltaci
    • 3
  • Celal Duran
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural SciencesRecep Tayyip Erdogan UniversityRizeTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Chemical Processing Technologies, Gumushane Vocational SchoolGumushane UniversityGumushaneTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Natural SciencesGumushane UniversityGumushaneTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of SciencesKaradeniz Technical UniversityTrabzonTurkey

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