Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 92, Issue 2, pp 595–608 | Cite as

Insecticidal and repellent effects of plant essential oils against Ips typographus

  • Silvia MudrončekováEmail author
  • Ján Ferenčík
  • Daniela Gruľová
  • Marek Barta
Original Paper


The Eurasian spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus (IT), is considered the most destructive insect pest of spruce forests in the Palaearctic region. Its control is based on a range of phytosanitary measures, insecticide treatments targeting the tree trunks, and pheromone trappings. Essential oils (EOs) from aromatic plants have been recognized as ecological alternatives to synthetic pesticides. In this study, EOs from plants in the Lamiaceae family (Origanum vulgare, Thymus vulgaris, Hyssopus officinalis and Mentha × piperita) and the Apiaceae family (Pimpinella anisum and Foeniculum vulgare) were studied for insecticidal and repellent effects against IT. EOs chemical composition was analyzed with gas chromatography mass spectrometry. IT adults were exposed to different concentrations of EOs, and their effects were recorded 2–96 h post-treatment. Significant differences in biological activity were observed, and the greatest insecticidal effect was detected for O. vulgare, T. vulgaris, and P. anisum; but O. vulgare EO was significantly more toxic at all doses or exposure times. Repellency index (RI) varied among the EOs and depended on dose and exposure time. At doses of 0.077‒0.219 µl/cm2, the RI increased until 4‒6 h post-treatment; after that period, it decreased. Pimpinella anisum, O. vulgare, and T. vulgaris EOs showed significantly higher repellent effects compared to F. vulgare and H. officinalis EOs. Mentha × piperita EOs exhibited neither repellent nor insecticidal activity against IT. To our knowledge, this is the first time that EOs biological activity against IT was studied.


Apiaceae Integrated pest management Lamiaceae Natural products Spruce bark beetle 



The work was supported by the Slovak research and development agency, Grant No. APVV-16-0031, bilateral Project SK_BG 01/3-30.09.2016 and the Slovak Grant Agency VEGA, Grant No. 2/0052/15.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Station of State Forests of TANAPTatranská LomnicaSlovakia
  2. 2.Department of Ecology, Faculty of Humanities and Natural SciencesUniversity of PresovPresovSlovakia
  3. 3.Institute of Forest Ecology, Slovak Academy of SciencesNitraSlovakia

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