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Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 92, Issue 1, pp 117–130 | Cite as

History of discoveries and management of the citrus longhorned beetle, Anoplophora chinensis, in Europe

  • Franck HérardEmail author
  • Matteo Maspero
Review
  • 176 Downloads

Abstract

The citrus longhorned beetle (CLB), Anoplophora chinensis (Forster), is a wood-boring beetle native to eastern Asia, where it is a major pest of citrus. It is highly polyphagous and attacks many species of broad-leaved trees. Expanding international trade, especially of bonsais and nursery trees imported from eastern Asia, has led to introduction of CLB beyond its native range, especially in Europe where it is currently a serious threat to ornamentals, the tree nursery industry, and urban forests, and is a potential threat to natural forests and the citrus industry. We present the history of 38 years (1980–Dec 2017) of CLB interceptions and discoveries of infestations in Europe; eradication activities, which are based on the CLB management rules developed by the European Union; and the current status of CLB infestations in Europe. There have been 115 reports of detection of CLB in 11 countries since the first report in 1980 (59 interceptions and 56 infestations, of which 49 were found in Italy). CLB is reported as eradicated from nine of the 11 countries as of December 2017, but populations are still established in Italy and Croatia.

Keywords

Citrus longhorned beetle Anoplophora chinensis Forest pest Invasive pest History of interceptions and infestations Eradication 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank L. Smith, J.J. Duan, and two anonymous reviewers for their critical reviews of the manuscript, and M. Ciampitti and B. Cavagna for providing data collected by the Plant Protection Organization of Lombardy, Italy. This work was supported in part with funds from Regione Lombardia, through Fondazione Minoprio, Vertemate con Minoprio, CO, Italy.

Funding

This study was funded by Fondazione Minoprio—Progetto Biolomb/USDA-ARS Trust Fund Cooperative Agreement 58-0212-0-145F.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

10340_2018_1014_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (162 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 161 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.European Biological Control LaboratoryUSDA, ARSMontferrier-sur-LezFrance
  2. 2.Fondazione MinoprioVertemate con MinoprioItaly

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