Cognitive Processing

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 517–525 | Cite as

The influence of induced mood on music preference

  • Chao Xue
  • Tian Li
  • Shufei YinEmail author
  • Xinyi Zhu
  • Yuxin Tan
Research Article


The purpose of this study was to clarify the impact of different self-centered moods on music preference without listening to music. Participants’ affective state (sad vs. happy vs. neutral) were experimentally manipulated through the mood induction procedure, and then their preferences for music were ascertained through self-reports. To understand participants’ internal motivations for their choices, we also asked them to indicate how appropriate he/she felt it would be to select the different music types as well as why they made such choices. Results suggested that participants in a sad mood were inclined to listen to sad (and slow) music, those in a happy mood preferred to listen to happy (and fast) music, and those in a neutral mood did not consistently prefer to listen to neutral music. In addition, participants were averse to sad music when they were in a happy or neutral mood; while they showed no aversion to happy music when they were in a sad mood. In conclusion, individuals select valence-consistent music when they are in an autobiographical memory-induced mood state.


Music preference Induced mood Sad mood Happy mood 



This work was supported in part by National Natural Science Foundation of China (31600904), Humanities and Social Science Research Project of Hubei Provincial Education Department (18Q017) and the Natural Science Foundation of Hubei University (170016). We would like to thank all the participants in this research.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical standard

All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Written informed consent was obtained from all participants.

Supplementary material

10339_2018_872_MOESM1_ESM.doc (57 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 57 kb)


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Copyright information

© Marta Olivetti Belardinelli and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Faculty of EducationHubei UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Center on Aging Psychology, Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of PsychologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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