Spatial distribution of spawning redds and larvae of Rhinogobius flumineus in relation to hydrogeomorphological characteristics in Kamo River, Japan

  • Kohei YokotaEmail author
  • Yasuhiro Takemon
  • Masayuki Fujihara


A freshwater goby, Rhinogobius flumineus, is one of the dominant species in the Kamo River and the Takano River, Kyoto City, Japan. We investigated the spatial distribution of their spawning redds and larval habitats in relation to hydrogeomorphological features at the confluence of the Kamo and Takano Rivers. A total of 78 egg masses were found. The spawning redds were concentrated in the transition area from a pool to a riffle. Most of them were found on the underside of half-embedded stones in the riverbed. The spawning redds were also concentrated at stones aligned in the run. These results indicated that potential sites for spawning redds would be created artificially by putting stones in the transition area from a pool to a riffle. Distribution of larvae showed that the average larval size was smaller in the secondary channel than in the main channel and was also smaller at a shore area with a bare water’s edge than with a vegetated water’s edge. The statistical model selected by the widely applicable information criterion showed that larval size could be predicted with the highest accuracy by a model that takes both channel type and vegetation into consideration. On the basis of the model selection and observations in the field, we concluded that bare shallow shore areas are more beneficial to larvae of an early stage than vegetated or deeper shore areas, probably because larvae can avoid accidental drifting and predation by predatory fish and aquatic insects.


Rhinogobius flumineus Habitat Spatial distribution Bayesian estimation 



This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP15H02267 and Kyo-no-Kawa-no-Megumi-wo-Ikasukai. We thank Mr. Akihiko Ikoma for his help in the investigation of the distribution of the spawning redds and larvae.


  1. Bisson PA, Montgomery DR, Buffington JM (2006) Valley segments, stream reaches, and channel units. In: Hauer FR, Lamberti GA (eds) Methods in stream ecology, 2nd edn. Academic Press, San Diego, pp 23–49Google Scholar
  2. Harvey BC, Stewart AJ (1991) Fish size and habitat depth relationships in headwater streams. Oecologia 87:336–342. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Higashikawa W, Yoshimura M, Yagi T, Maeto K (2016) Microhabitat use by larvae of the endangered dragonfly Sympetrum pedemontanum elatum (Selys) in Japan. J Insect Conserv 20:407–416. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hoffman MD, Gelman A (2014) The No-U-turn sampler: adaptively setting path lengths in Hamiltonian Monte Carlo. J Mach Learn Res 15(1):1593–1623Google Scholar
  5. Ishida Y, Takemon Y, Ikebuchi S (2006) Habitat evaluation for benthic fish based on sediment depositional patterns. Ann Disas Prev Res Inst, Kyoto Univ 49(B):661–675 in Japanese with English abstract Google Scholar
  6. Kani T (1944) Ecology of torrent-inhabiting insects. Insect 1:171–317 (in Japanese) Google Scholar
  7. Mizuno N (1961) Study on the gobioid fish, “yoshinobori” Rhinogobius similis gill—I Comparison of life histories of three ecological types. B Jpn Soc Sci Fish 27(1):6–11. in Japanese with English abstract CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mizuno N (1989) Rhinogobius flumineus. In: Kawanabe H, Mizuno N (eds) Freshwater fishes of Japan. Yama to Keikoku-sha, Tokyo, pp 600–603 (in Japanese) Google Scholar
  9. Nishijima S (1968) Two forms of the gobioid fish Rhinogobius brunneus from Okinawa-jima, Ryukyu islands. Zool Mag 77:397–398 (in Japanese with English abstract) Google Scholar
  10. Savant SA, Reible DD, Thibodeaux LJ (1987) Convective transport within stable river sediments. Water Resour Res 23(9):1763–1768. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Shinomiya A, Sasabe K, Sakurai M, Kishino T (2005) Morphological characters of newly hatched larvae and their habitat selection of a fluviatile goby, Rhinogobius sp. YB in the upper stream of Sumiyo River, Amamioshima Island, Japan. Jpn J Ichthyol 52(1):1–8. in Japanese with English abstract Google Scholar
  12. Shinya K, Watanabe S (1990) Feeding habit of adult largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides, in Ushiku-numa Lake in the central Honshu. Suisanzoshoku 38(3):245–252. in Japanese with English abstract Google Scholar
  13. Takahashi D, Yanagisawa Y (1999) Breeding ecology of an amphidromous goby of the genus Rhinogobius. Ichthyol Res 46(2):185–191. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Takemon Y (1995) Think about aquatic habitat. In: Takemon Y, Tanida K, Tamaki A, Mukai H, Kawabata Z (eds) Ecology of habitat. Heibon-sha, Tokyo, pp 11–66 (in Japanese) Google Scholar
  15. Takemon Y, Kobayashi S, Choi M, Terada M, Takebayashi H, Sumi T (2013) River habitat evaluation based on cross-sectional bed profile and frequency distribution of relative elevation. Adv River Eng 19:519–524 (in Japanese with English abstract) Google Scholar
  16. Thibodeaux LJ, Boyle JD (1987) Bedform-generated convective transport in bottom sediment. Nature 325:341–343. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Watanabe S (2018) Mathematical theory of Bayesian statistics. Chapman and Hall/CRC, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Yodo T, Kimura S (1998) Feeding habits of largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides in Lakes Shorenji and Nishinoko, central Japan. Nippon Suisan Gakk 64(1):26–38. in Japanese with English abstract CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The International Society of Paddy and Water Environment Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kohei Yokota
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yasuhiro Takemon
    • 2
  • Masayuki Fujihara
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of AgricultureKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Water Resources Research Center, Disaster Prevention Research InstituteKyoto UniversityGoka-sho, UjiJapan

Personalised recommendations