Advertisement

Unidirectional adaptation in tempo in pairs of chimpanzees during simultaneous tapping movement: an examination under face-to-face setup

Abstract

Many studies have reported a spontaneous nature to synchronized movement in humans and in non-human primates. However, it is not yet clear whether individuals mutually adapt their movement to each other or whether one individual significantly changes to synchronize with the other. In the current study, we examined a directionality of the tempo adaptation to understand an introductive process of interactional synchrony in pairs of chimpanzees. Four pairs, consisting of five female chimpanzees, produced a finger-tapping movement under a face-to-face experimental setup where both auditory and visual cues of the partner’s movement were available. Two test conditions were prepared: alone and paired. An analysis of the tapping tempo depending on condition showed that only one chimpanzee in each pair significantly changed their tapping tempo in the direction of the partner’s tapping tempo in the paired condition compared with the alone condition. The current study demonstrated that unidirectional adaptation in tempo occurs in pairs of chimpanzees when they simultaneously produce the tapping movement under auditory and visual interaction.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 99

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Chalmeau R (1994) Do chimpanzees cooperate in a learning task? Primates 35:385–392

  2. Condon WS, Sander LW (1974) Neonate movement is synchronized with adult speech: interactional participation and language acquisition. Science 183:99–101

  3. Delaherche E, Chetouani M, Mahdhaoui A, Saint-Georges C, Viaux S, Cohen D (2012) Interpersonal synchrony: a survey of evaluation methods across disciplines. IEEE Trans Affect Comput. doi:10.1109/t-affc.2012.12

  4. Fuhrmann D, Ravignani A, Marshall-Pescini S, Whiten A (2014) Synchrony and motor mimicking in chimpanzee observational learning. Sci Rep. doi:10.1038/srep05283

  5. Hattori Y, Tomonaga M, Matsuzawa T (2013) Spontaneous synchronized tapping to an auditory rhythm in a chimpanzee. Sci Rep. doi:10.1038/srep01566

  6. Hattori Y, Tomonaga M, Matsuzawa T (2015) Distractor effect of auditory rhythms on self-paced tapping in chimpanzees and humans. PLoS One. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130682

  7. Hirata S, Fuwa K (2007) Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) learn to act with other individuals in a cooperative task. Primates 48:13–21

  8. Hirata S, Matsuzawa T (2001) Tactics to obtain a hidden food item in chimpanzee pairs (Pan troglodytes). Anim Cogn 4:285–295

  9. Kobayashi H, Hashiya K (2009) Spontaneous synchrony by chimpanzees in response to humans’ behavior. Jpn J Psychon Sci 27:179–180 (Japanese abstract only)

  10. Martin CF, Bhui R, Bossaerts P, Matsuzawa T, Camerer C (2014) Chimpanzee choice rates in competitive games match equilibrium game theory predictions. Sci Rep. doi:10.1038/srep05182

  11. Matsuzawa T (2003) The Ai project: historical and ecological contexts. Anim Cogn 6:199–211

  12. Matsuzawa T (2006) Sociocognitive development in chimpanzees: a synthesis of laboratory work and fieldwork. In: Matsuzawa T, Tomonaga M, Tanaka M (eds) Cognitive development in chimpanzees. Springer, Tokyo, pp 3–33

  13. Matsuzawa T, Tomonaga M, Tanaka M (2006) Cognitive development in chimpanzees. Springer, Tokyo

  14. Myowa-Yamakoshi M, Matsuzawa T (1999) Factors influencing imitation of manipulatory actions in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). J Comp Psychol 113:128–136

  15. Nagasaka Y, Chao ZC, Hasegawa N, Notoya T, Fujii N (2013) Spontaneous synchronization of arm motion between Japanese macaques. Sci Rep. doi:10.1038/srep01151

  16. Oullier O, de Guzman GC, Jantzen KJ, Lagarde J, Scott Kelso JA (2008) Social coordination dynamics: measuring human bonding. Soc Neurosci 3:178–192

  17. Ravignani A, Bowling DL, Fitch WT (2014) Chorusing, synchrony, and the evolutionary functions of rhythm. Front Psychol. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01118

  18. Richardson MJ, Marsh KL, Isenhower RW, Goodman JRL, Schmidt RC (2007) Rocking together: dynamics of intentional and unintentional interpersonal coordination. Hum Mov Sci 26:867–891

  19. Schmidt RC, O’Brien B (1997) Evaluating the dynamics of unintended interpersonal coordination. Ecol Psychol 9:189–206

  20. Tomonaga M (2001) Investigating visual perception and cognition in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) through visual search and related tasks: from basic to complex processes. In: Matsuzawa T (ed) Primate origins of human cognition and behavior. Springer, Tokyo, pp 55–86

  21. Yamamoto S, Humle T, Tanaka M (2012) Chimpanzees’ flexible targeted helping based on an understanding of conspecifics’ goals. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 109:3588–3592

  22. Yu L, Tomonaga M (2015) Interactional synchrony in chimpanzees: examination through a finger-tapping experiment. Sci Rep. doi:10.1038/srep10218

Download references

Acknowledgments

The current study was conducted when the first author was affiliated with the Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University. We thank T. Matsuzawa, M. Hayashi, I. Adachi, Y. Hattori, and other staff members at the Language and Intelligence Section and Center for Human Evolution Modeling Research of Kyoto University Primate Research Institute for their support and daily care of the chimpanzees. We also thank M. Myowa-Yamakoshi for her generous support. We thank F. Bercovitch for an edit of the manuscript. We thank Y. Seki and one anonymous reviewer for comments. This study was financially supported by JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (20002001, 23220006, 24000001, 15H05709 and 244525). The care and use of animals complied with the 3rd edition of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Primates issued by Kyoto University Primate Research Institute in 2010. The experimental protocol was approved by the Animal Welfare and Animal Care Committee of the same institute.

Author information

Correspondence to Lira Yu.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 2 (WMV 13409 kb)

Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 221 kb)

Supplementary material 2 (WMV 13409 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Yu, L., Tomonaga, M. Unidirectional adaptation in tempo in pairs of chimpanzees during simultaneous tapping movement: an examination under face-to-face setup. Primates 57, 181–185 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10329-016-0512-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Synchrony
  • Chimpanzees
  • Finger-tapping task
  • Tempo convergence