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Stimulation of defense reactions in potato against Pectobacterium sp.

  • Said Hachoud
  • Raul Sanchez-Muñoz
  • Rosa M. CusidoEmail author
  • Javier Palazon
  • Rachida Yahaoui Zaidi
  • Farid Zaidi
Host Responses

Abstract

The pesticides used to tackle potato pathogens, including bacteria, are environmentally damaging, so more sustainable treatments are needed. Because plant defense-related hormones such as methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid and the elicitor chitosan can stimulate plant defense systems, the effect of these compounds was tested by adding them to a watering solution 2 days before inoculating two S. tuberosum cultivars with either Pectobacterium carotovorum strain 5890 or P. atrosepticum strain 889. Growth and the production of several defense phenolic compounds were determined in treated and untreated plants, inoculated or not. P. carotovorum 5890 was more virulent than P. atrosepticum 5889 as reflected by higher levels of phenolic compounds in the plants. The defense-related hormone salicylic acid offered the most protection against the bacteria without interfering with plant growth. Because plants produce and accumulate secondary metabolites for protection against infection, higher production was accompanied by less pathogen damage and higher resistance.

Keywords

Potato plant Solanum tuberosum Pectobacterium sp. Salicylic acid Methyl jasmonate Chitosan Plant defense Phenolic compounds Plant growth Plant signaling 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Work in the Plant Physiology Laboratory (University of Barcelona) was financially supported by the Spanish MEC (BIO2017-82374-R) and the Generalitat de Catalunya (2017SGR242). Said Hachoud thanks the Rector of the University of Bejaia, Mr. Saidani, and the Dean of the Faculty of Science of Nature and Life for funding his PhD thesis stay at the University of Barcelona.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

10327_2019_843_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
Table S1. Correlation matrix between phenolic compounds and growth in cultivar Red Pontiac (DOCX 16 KB)
10327_2019_843_MOESM2_ESM.docx (20 kb)
Table S2. Correlation matrix between phenolic compounds and growth in potato cultivar Agata (DOCX 19 KB)

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Copyright information

© The Phytopathological Society of Japan and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Secció de Fisiologia Vegetal, Facultat de FarmaciaUniversitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Microbiologie Appliquée, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la VieUniversité de BejaiaBejaïaAlgeria
  3. 3.Departament de Ciències Experimentals i de la SalutUniversitat Pompeu FabraBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Department of Food Science, Faculty of Nature and Life SciencesUniversité de BejaiaBejaïaAlgeria

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