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Journal of General Plant Pathology

, Volume 85, Issue 1, pp 23–32 | Cite as

Paraquat and glyphosate increase severity of strawberry anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides

  • Hung-Yuan Kao
  • Kuang-Ren ChungEmail author
  • Jenn-Wen HuangEmail author
Fungal Diseases
  • 138 Downloads

Abstract

Strawberry anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides has recently become a major problem in Taiwan, in concurrence with herbicide use by growers. In evaluations of the effects of paraquat, glyphosate and glufosinate on C. gloeosporioides, anthracnose severity and soil microbial communities, paraquat and glyphosate promoted hyphal growth, conidial production and germination, and soil survival of C. gloeosporioides; glufosinate had inhibitory effects. Soil drench with glyphosate, but not paraquat or glufosinate, increased populations of fungi and yeast-like microorganisms. Anthracnose was more severe on leaves after either foliar sprays or drenches with paraquat or glyphosate than on controls without herbicide. Thus, a sudden outbreak of strawberry anthracnose is likely attributable to the stimulatory effects of herbicides on the causal pathogen. To minimize the inoculum potential of C. gloeosporioides and anthracnose severity, strawberry growers should eliminate any plant debris after herbicide treatment.

Keywords

Colletotrichum Glufosinate Glyphosate Herbicides Paraquat Strawberry anthracnose 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by a grant from the National Science and Technology Program for Agricultural Biotechnology, National Science Council (NSC) in Taiwan (No. NSC 96-2317-B-005-018) to JWH and in part by the Ministry of Education, Taiwan, R.O.C. under the Higher Education Sprout Project.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical standards

The article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

10327_2018_823_MOESM1_ESM.pptx (659 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PPTX 659 KB)

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Copyright information

© The Phytopathological Society of Japan and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyNational Chung-Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Innovation and Development Center of Sustainable Agriculture (IDCSA)TaichungTaiwan

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