Advertisement

Zeolitic imidazolate framework membranes for gas and water purification

  • 140 Accesses

  • 1 Citations

Abstract

Zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF) have a flexible structure, controllable pore size, and thus adjustable properties, which make them effective materials for membrane separation. They have been used as a pure membrane in about 55% of cases, and as a structure modifier of mixed matrix membranes in other cases. ZIF-based membranes have been applied in pervaporation, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis and gas separation processes. This manuscript reviews the role of ZIF in promoting the membrane performance. A new performance parameter is defined based on permeability and selectivity, in order to compare the results of published reports. Findings show that the presence of ZIF in mixed matrix membranes improves the performances of pervaporation by 70%, nanofiltration by 211%, and reverse osmosis by 30%. ZIF also improved 11 times the membrane performance in gas separation, compared to the raw membrane.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 99

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

Abbreviations

4azBim:

4-Azabenzimidazole

4cyIm:

4-Cyanoimidazole

4nIm:

4-Nitroimidazole

5azBim:

5-Azabenzimidazole

5brBim:

5(6)-Bromobenzimidazole

5cBim:

5-Chlorobenzimidazole

5mBim:

5(6)-Methylbenzimidazole

5nBim:

5-Nitrobenzimidazole

45cIm:

4,5-Dichloroimidazole

56mBim:

5,6-Methylbenzimidazole

AFX:

Silico-aluminophosphate-fifty-six

aImeIm:

4-Methyl-5imidazole-carboxaldehyde

ANA:

Analcime

BET SA:

Brunauer, Emmett and Teller surface area

BIm:

Benzimidazole

CAG:

CaGa2O4

CHA:

Chabazite

CRB:

CrB4

DFT:

Davy Faraday Research Laboratory - tow

DIA:

Diamond

eIm:

2-Ethylimidazole

foIm:

Imidazole-2-carboxaldehyde

FRL:

Ferey ladder

GAR:

Garnet net

GIS:

Gismondine

GME:

Gmelinite

GPU:

Gas permeation unit

Im:

Imidazole

KFI:

Zeolite Kerr-five

LA SA:

Langmuir surface area

LTA:

Linde type A

mBim:

Methylbenzimidazole

MER:

Merlinoite

mIm:

2-Methylimidazole

MOZ:

Zeolite Socony Mobil-10

NF:

Nanofiltration

nIm:

2-Nitroimidazole

PSI:

Pervaporation separation index

pur:

Purine

RO:

Reverse osmosis

SOD:

Sodalite

TMP:

Transmembrane pressure

V p :

Pore volume

ZIF:

Zeolitic imidazolate framework

References

  1. Ahmad N, Bhatnagar S, Ali SS, Dutta R (2015) Phytofabrication of bioinduced silver nanoparticles for biomedical applications. Int J Nanomed 10:7019

  2. Ahmad N, Bhatnagar S, Saxena R, Iqbal D, Ghosh A, Dutta R (2017) Biosynthesis and characterization of gold nanoparticles: kinetics, in vitro and in vivo study. Mater Sci Eng C 78:553–564

  3. Akbari A, Homayoonfal M (2016) Sulfonation and mixing with TiO2 nanoparticles as two simultaneous solutions for reducing fouling of polysulfone loose nanofiltration membrane. Korean J Chem Eng 33:2439–2452. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11814-016-0107-5

  4. Aljundi IH (2017) Desalination characteristics of TFN-RO membrane incorporated with ZIF-8 nanoparticles. Desalination 420:12–20

  5. Amedi HR, Aghajani M (2017) Aminosilane-functionalized ZIF-8/PEBA mixed matrix membrane for gas separation application. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 247:124–135

  6. Amedi HR, Aghajani M (2018a) Modified zeolitic–midazolate framework 8/poly(ether-block-amide) mixed-matrix membrane for propylene and propane separation. J Appl Polym Sci 135:46273

  7. Amedi HR, Aghajani M (2018b) Poly urethane mixed matrix membranes for propylene and propane separation. Chem Pap 72:1477–1485

  8. Aroon M, Ismail A, Matsuura T, Montazer-Rahmati M (2010) Performance studies of mixed matrix membranes for gas separation: a review. Sep Purif Technol 75:229–242

  9. Arumugham T, Amimodu RG, Kaleekkal NJ, Rana D (2019) Nano CuO/g-C3N4 sheets-based ultrafiltration membrane with enhanced interfacial affinity, antifouling and protein separation performances for water treatment application. J Environ Sci 82:57–69

  10. Ban Y, Li Y, Liu X, Peng Y, Yang W (2013) Solvothermal synthesis of mixed-ligand metal–organic framework ZIF-78 with controllable size and morphology. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 173:29–36

  11. Ban Y, Li Y, Peng Y, Jin H, Jiao W, Liu X, Yang W (2014) Metal-substituted zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-108: gas-sorption and membrane-separation properties. Chem Eur J 20:11402–11409

  12. Ban Y, Li Z, Li Y, Peng Y, Jin H, Jiao W, Guo A, Wang P, Yang Q, Zhong C (2015) Confinement of ionic liquids in nanocages: tailoring the molecular sieving properties of ZIF-8 for membrane-based CO2 capture. Angew Chem Int Ed 54:15483–15487

  13. Banerjee R, Phan A, Wang B, Knobler C, Furukawa H, O’keeffe M, Yaghi OM (2008) High-throughput synthesis of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks and application to CO2 capture. Science 319:939–943

  14. Basu S, Balakrishnan M (2017) Polyamide thin film composite membranes containing ZIF-8 for the separation of pharmaceutical compounds from aqueous streams. Sep Purif Technol 179:118–125

  15. Bhattacharjee S, Jang M-S, Kwon H-J, Ahn W-S (2014) Zeolitic imidazolate frameworks: synthesis, functionalization, and catalytic/adsorption applications. Catal Surv Asia 18:101–127

  16. Bushell AF, Attfield MP, Mason CR, Budd PM, Yampolskii Y, Starannikova L, Rebrov A, Bazzarelli F, Bernardo P, Jansen JC (2013) Gas permeation parameters of mixed matrix membranes based on the polymer of intrinsic microporosity PIM-1 and the zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-8. J Membr Sci 427:48–62

  17. Bux H, Liang F, Li Y, Cravillon J, Wiebcke M, Jr Caro (2009) Zeolitic imidazolate framework membrane with molecular sieving properties by microwave-assisted solvothermal synthesis. J Am Chem Soc 131:16000–16001

  18. Bux H, Chmelik C, Krishna R, Caro J (2011a) Ethene/ethane separation by the MOF membrane ZIF-8: molecular correlation of permeation, adsorption, diffusion. J Membr Sci 369:284–289

  19. Bux H, Feldhoff A, Cravillon J, Wiebcke M, Li Y-S, Caro J (2011b) Oriented zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 membrane with sharp H2/C3H8 molecular sieve separation. Chem Mater 23:2262–2269

  20. Cacho-Bailo F, Seoane B, Téllez C, Coronas J (2014) ZIF-8 continuous membrane on porous polysulfone for hydrogen separation. J Membr Sci 464:119–126

  21. Chen B, Yang Z, Zhu Y, Xia Y (2014) Zeolitic imidazolate framework materials: recent progress in synthesis and applications. J Mater Chem A 2:16811–16831

  22. Cheng X, Jiang Z, Cheng X, Yang H, Tang L, Liu G, Wang M, Wu H, Pan F, Cao X (2018) Water-selective permeation in hybrid membrane incorporating multi-functional hollow ZIF-8 nanospheres. J Membr Sci 555:146–156

  23. Chi WS, Hwang S, Lee S-J, Park S, Bae Y-S, Ryu DY, Kim JH, Kim J (2015) Mixed matrix membranes consisting of SEBS block copolymers and size-controlled ZIF-8 nanoparticles for CO2 capture. J Membr Sci 495:479–488

  24. Cravillon J, Nayuk R, Springer S, Feldhoff A, Huber K, Wiebcke M (2011) Controlling zeolitic imidazolate framework nano-and microcrystal formation: insight into crystal growth by time-resolved in situ static light scattering. Chem Mater 23:2130–2141

  25. Dai Y, Johnson J, Karvan O, Sholl DS, Koros W (2012) Ultem®/ZIF-8 mixed matrix hollow fiber membranes for CO2/N2 separations. J Membr Sci 401:76–82

  26. Dong X, Huang K, Liu S, Ren R, Jin W, Lin Y (2012) Synthesis of zeolitic imidazolate framework-78 molecular-sieve membrane: defect formation and elimination. J Mater Chem 22:19222–19227

  27. Duan J, Pan Y, Pacheco F, Litwiller E, Lai Z, Pinnau I (2015) High-performance polyamide thin-film-nanocomposite reverse osmosis membranes containing hydrophobic zeolitic imidazolate framework-8. J Membr Sci 476:303–310

  28. Duke MC, Zhu B, Doherty CM, Hill MR, Hill AJ, Carreon MA (2016) Structural effects on SAPO-34 and ZIF-8 materials exposed to seawater solutions, and their potential as desalination membranes. Desalination 377:128–137

  29. Etxeberria-Benavides M, David O, Johnson T, Łozińska MM, Orsi A, Wright PA, Mastel S, Hillenbrand R, Kapteijn F, Gascon J (2018) High performance mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) composed of ZIF-94 filler and 6FDA-DAM polymer. J Membr Sci 550:198–207

  30. Eum K, Ma C, Koh DY, Rashidi F, Li Z, Jones CW, Lively RP, Nair S (2017) Zeolitic imidazolate framework membranes supported on macroporous carbon hollow fibers by fluidic processing techniques. Adv Mater Interfaces 4:1700080

  31. Fairen-Jimenez D, Moggach S, Wharmby M, Wright P, Parsons S, Duren T (2011) Opening the gate: framework flexibility in ZIF-8 explored by experiments and simulations. J Am Chem Soc 133:8900–8902

  32. Fan L, Xue M, Kang Z, Li H, Qiu S (2012) Electrospinning technology applied in zeolitic imidazolate framework membrane synthesis. J Mater Chem 22:25272–25276

  33. Fan H, Shi Q, Yan H, Ji S, Dong J, Zhang G (2014) Simultaneous spray self-assembly of highly loaded ZIF-8–PDMS nanohybrid membranes exhibiting exceptionally high biobutanol-permselective pervaporation. Angew Chem Int Ed 53:5578–5582

  34. Fathizadeh M, Tien HN, Khivantsev K, Song Z, Zhou F, Yu M (2019) Polyamide/nitrogen-doped graphene oxide quantum dots (N-GOQD) thin film nanocomposite reverse osmosis membranes for high flux desalination. Desalination 451:125–132

  35. Fazlifard S, Mohammadi T, Bakhtiari O (2017) Chitosan/ZIF-8 mixed-matrix membranes for pervaporation dehydration of isopropanol. Chem Eng Technol 40:648–655

  36. Feng X, Huang RY (1997) Liquid separation by membrane pervaporation: a review. Ind Eng Chem Res 36:1048–1066

  37. Ge J, Cui Y, Yan Y, Jiang W (2000) The effect of structure on pervaporation of chitosan membrane. J Membr Sci 165:75–81

  38. Ge L, Du A, Hou M, Rudolph V, Zhu Z (2012a) Enhanced hydrogen separation by vertically-aligned carbon nanotube membranes with zeolite imidazolate frameworks as a selective layer. RSC Adv 2:11793–11800

  39. Ge L, Zhou W, Du A, Zhu Z (2012b) Porous polyethersulfone-supported zeolitic imidazolate framework membranes for hydrogen separation. J Phys Chem C 116:13264–13270

  40. Ghazali M, Nawawi M, Huang RY (1997) Pervaporation dehydration of isopropanol with chitosan membranes. J Membr Sci 124:53–62

  41. Ghezelgheshlaghi S, Mehrnia MR, Homayoonfal M, Montazer-Rahmati MM (2017) Al2O3/poly acrylonitrile nanocomposite membrane: from engineering design of pores to efficient biological macromolecules separation. J Porous Mater 25:1161–1181. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10934-017-0527-6

  42. Gholami M, Mohammadi T, Mosleh S, Hemmati M (2017) CO2/CH4 separation using mixed matrix membrane-based polyurethane incorporated with ZIF-8 nanoparticles. Chem Pap 71:1839–1853

  43. Go Y, Lee JH, Shamsudin IK, Kim J, Othman MR (2016) Microporous ZIF-7 membranes prepared by in situ growth method for hydrogen separation. Int J Hydrogen Energy 41:10366–10373

  44. Hara N, Yoshimune M, Negishi H, Haraya K, Hara S, Yamaguchi T (2014) Diffusive separation of propylene/propane with ZIF-8 membranes. J Membr Sci 450:215–223

  45. He M, Yao J, Li L, Zhong Z, Chen F, Wang H (2013) Aqueous solution synthesis of ZIF-8 films on a porous nylon substrate by contra-diffusion method. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 179:10–16

  46. Hebbar RS, Isloor AM, Asiri AM (2017) Carbon nanotube-and graphene-based advanced membrane materials for desalination. Environ Chem Lett 15:643–671

  47. Huang A, Caro J (2011) Covalent post-functionalization of zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-90 membrane for enhanced hydrogen selectivity. Angew Chem Int Ed 50:4979–4982

  48. Huang R, Yeom C (1991) Pervaporation separation of aqueous mixtures using crosslinked polyvinyl alcohol membranes. III. Permeation of acetic acid-water mixtures. J Membr Sci 58:33–47

  49. Huang A, Chen Y, Wang N, Hu Z, Jiang J, Caro J (2012a) A highly permeable and selective zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-95 membrane for H2/CO2 separation. Chem Commun 48:10981–10983

  50. Huang A, Wang N, Kong C, Caro J (2012b) Organosilica-functionalized zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-90 membrane with high gas-separation performance. Angew Chem Int Ed 51:10551–10555

  51. Huang A, Liu Q, Wang N, Caro J (2014a) Organosilica functionalized zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-90 membrane for CO2/CH4 separation. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 192:18–22

  52. Huang A, Liu Q, Wang N, Zhu Y, Jr Caro (2014b) Bicontinuous zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-8@ GO membrane with enhanced hydrogen selectivity. J Am Chem Soc 136:14686–14689

  53. Hwang S, Chi WS, Lee SJ, Im SH, Kim JH, Kim J (2015) Hollow ZIF-8 nanoparticles improve the permeability of mixed matrix membranes for CO2/CH4 gas separation. J Membr Sci 480:11–19

  54. Jang E, Kim E, Kim H, Lee T, Yeom H-J, Kim Y-W, Choi J (2017) Formation of ZIF-8 membranes inside porous supports for improving both their H2/CO2 separation performance and thermal/mechanical stability. J Membr Sci 540:430–439

  55. Javdaneh S, Mehrnia MR, Homayoonfal M (2016a) Engineering design of a biofilm formed on a pH-sensitive ZnO/PSf nanocomposite membrane with antibacterial properties. RSC Adv 6:112269–112281

  56. Javdaneh S, Mehrnia MR, Homayoonfal M (2016b) Fabrication of polysulfone/zinc oxide nanocomposite membrane: investigation of pore forming agent on fouling behavior. Korean J Chem Eng 33:3184–3193

  57. Jin H, Mo K, Wen F, Li Y (2019) Preparation and pervaporation performance of CAU-10-H MOF membranes. J Membr Sci 577:129–136

  58. Jomekian A, Behbahani RM, Mohammadi T, Kargari A (2017) High speed spin coating in fabrication of Pebax 1657 based mixed matrix membrane filled with ultra-porous ZIF-8 particles for CO2/CH4 separation. Korean J Chem Eng 34:440–453

  59. Joshi R, Alwarappan S, Yoshimura M, Sahajwalla V, Nishina Y (2015) Graphene oxide: the new membrane material. Appl Mater Today 1:1–12

  60. Jyothi M, Reddy KR, Soontarapa K, Naveen S, Raghu AV, Kulkarni RV, Suhas D, Shetti NP, Nadagouda MN, Aminabhavi TM (2019) Membranes for dehydration of alcohols via pervaporation. J Environ Manage 242:415–429

  61. Karimi A, Vatanpour V, Khataee A, Safarpour M (2019) Contra-diffusion synthesis of ZIF-8 layer on polyvinylidene fluoride ultrafiltration membranes for improved water purification. J Ind Eng Chem 73:95–105

  62. Knebel A, Wulfert-Holzmann P, Friebe S, Pavel J, Strauß I, Mundstock A, Steinbach F, Caro J (2018) Hierarchical nanostructures of metal–organic frameworks applied in gas separating ZIF-8-on-ZIF-67 membranes. Chem Eur J 24:5728–5733

  63. Kudasheva A, Sorribas S, Zornoza B, Téllez C, Coronas J (2015) Pervaporation of water/ethanol mixtures through polyimide based mixed matrix membranes containing ZIF-8, ordered mesoporous silica and ZIF-8-silica core-shell spheres. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 90:669–677

  64. Kwon HT, Jeong H-K (2013) Highly propylene-selective supported zeolite-imidazolate framework (ZIF-8) membranes synthesized by rapid microwave-assisted seeding and secondary growth. Chem Commun 49:3854–3856

  65. Lai LS, Yeong YF, Lau KK, Shariff AM (2017a) Single and binary CO2/CH4 separation of a zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 membrane. Chem Eng Technol 40:1031–1042

  66. Lai LS, Yeong YF, Lau KK, Shariff AM (2017b) Synthesis of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF)-8 membrane and its process optimization study in separation of CO2 from natural gas. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 92:420–431

  67. Lee MJ, Hamid MRA, Lee J, Kim JS, Lee YM, Jeong H-K (2018a) Ultrathin zeolitic-imidazolate framework ZIF-8 membranes on polymeric hollow fibers for propylene/propane separation. J Membr Sci 559:28–34

  68. Lee MJ, Kwon HT, Jeong HK (2018b) High-flux zeolitic imidazolate framework membranes for propylene/propane separation by postsynthetic linker exchange. Angew Chem 130:162–167

  69. Li Y, Liang F, Bux H, Yang W, Caro J (2010a) Zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-7 based molecular sieve membrane for hydrogen separation. J Membr Sci 354:48–54

  70. Li YS, Liang FY, Bux H, Feldhoff A, Yang WS, Caro J (2010b) Molecular sieve membrane: supported metal–organic framework with high hydrogen selectivity. Angew Chem Int Ed 49:548–551

  71. Li L, Yao J, Chen R, He L, Wang K, Wang H (2013) Infiltration of precursors into a porous alumina support for ZIF-8 membrane synthesis. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 168:15–18

  72. Li L, Yao J, Wang X, Cheng YB, Wang H (2014) ZIF-11/polybenzimidazole composite membrane with improved hydrogen separation performance. J Appl Polym Sci. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.41056

  73. Li Y, Wee LH, Volodin A, Martens JA, Vankelecom IF (2015) Polymer supported ZIF-8 membranes prepared via an interfacial synthesis method. Chem Commun 51:918–920

  74. Li Y, Wee LH, Martens JA, Vankelecom IF (2017) Interfacial synthesis of ZIF-8 membranes with improved nanofiltration performance. J Membr Sci 523:561–566

  75. Liu Y, Hu E, Khan EA, Lai Z (2010) Synthesis and characterization of ZIF-69 membranes and separation for CO2/CO mixture. J Membr Sci 353:36–40

  76. Liu Y, Zeng G, Pan Y, Lai Z (2011) Synthesis of highly c-oriented ZIF-69 membranes by secondary growth and their gas permeation properties. J Membr Sci 379:46–51

  77. Liu Q, Wang N, Jr Caro, Huang A (2013) Bio-inspired polydopamine: a versatile and powerful platform for covalent synthesis of molecular sieve membranes. J Am Chem Soc 135:17679–17682

  78. Liu D, Ma X, Xi H, Lin Y (2014) Gas transport properties and propylene/propane separation characteristics of ZIF-8 membranes. J Membr Sci 451:85–93

  79. Madhura L, Kanchi S, Sabela MI, Singh S, Bisetty K (2018) Membrane technology for water purification. Environ Chem Lett 16:343–365

  80. Marti AM, Wickramanayake W, Dahe G, Sekizkardes A, Bank TL, Hopkinson DP, Venna SR (2017) Continuous flow processing of ZIF-8 membranes on polymeric porous hollow fiber supports for CO2 capture. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:5678–5682

  81. McCarthy MC, Varela-Guerrero V, Barnett GV, Jeong H-K (2010) Synthesis of zeolitic imidazolate framework films and membranes with controlled microstructures. Langmuir 26:14636–14641

  82. Mehrnia MR, Homayoonfal M (2016) Fouling mitigation behavior of magnetic responsive nanocomposite membranes in a magnetic membrane bioreactor. J Membr Sci 520:881–894. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2016.08.046

  83. Mehrnia MR, Mojtahedi YM, Homayoonfal M (2015) What is the concentration threshold of nanoparticles within the membrane structure? A case study of Al2O3/PSf nanocomposite membrane. Desalination 372:75–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2015.06.022

  84. Melgar VMA, Kwon HT, Kim J (2014) Direct spraying approach for synthesis of ZIF-7 membranes by electrospray deposition. J Membr Sci 459:190–196

  85. Melgar VMA, Kim J, Othman MR (2015) Zeolitic imidazolate framework membranes for gas separation: a review of synthesis methods and gas separation performance. J Ind Eng Chem 28:1–15

  86. Milburn K 2000 Synthesis and characterization of ZIF-8 and ZIF-8/polymer composites. University of Liverpool

  87. Mishra RK, Mishra P, Verma K, Mondal A, Chaudhary RG, Abolhasani MM, Loganathan S (2018) Electrospinning production of nanofibrous membranes. Environ Chem Lett 17:767–800

  88. Monsef K, Homayoonfal M, Davar F (2018) Coating carboxylic and sulfate functional groups on ZrO2 nanoparticles: antifouling enhancement of nanocomposite membranes during water treatment. React Funct Polym 131:299–314

  89. Mosleh S, Khanbabaei G, Mozdianfard M, Hemmati M (2016) Application of poly(amide-b-ethylene oxide)/zeolitic imidazolate framework nanocomposite membrane in gas separation. Iran Polym J 25:977–990

  90. Nguyen NT, Furukawa H, Gándara F, Nguyen HT, Cordova KE, Yaghi OM (2014) Selective capture of carbon dioxide under humid conditions by hydrophobic chabazite-type zeolitic imidazolate frameworks. Angew Chem Int Ed 53:10645–10648

  91. Nigiz FU (2018) Complete desalination of seawater using a novel polyvinylidene fluoride/zeolite membrane. Environ Chem Lett 16:553–559

  92. Noh K, Lee J, Kim J (2018) Compositions and structures of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks. Isr J Chem 58:1075–1088

  93. Noormohamadi A, Homayoonfal M, Mehrnia MR, Davar F (2017) Synergistic effect of concurrent presence of zirconium oxide and iron oxide in the form of core-shell nanoparticles on the performance of Fe3O4@ ZrO2/PAN nanocomposite membrane. Ceram Int 43:17174–17185

  94. Noormohamadi A, Homayoonfal M, Mehrnia MR, Davar F (2019) Employing magnetism of Fe3O4 and hydrophilicity of ZrO2 to mitigate biofouling in magnetic MBR by Fe3O4-coated ZrO2/PAN nanocomposite membrane. Environ Technol. https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2019.1579870

  95. Nordin NAHM, Ismail AF, Mustafa A, Murali RS, Matsuura T (2015a) Utilizing low ZIF-8 loading for an asymmetric PSf/ZIF-8 mixed matrix membrane for CO2/CH4 separation. RSC Adv 5:30206–30215

  96. Nordin NAHM, Racha SM, Matsuura T, Misdan N, Sani NAA, Ismail AF, Mustafa A (2015b) Facile modification of ZIF-8 mixed matrix membrane for CO2/CH4 separation: synthesis and preparation. RSC Adv 5:43110–43120

  97. Nune SK, Thallapally PK, Dohnalkova A, Wang C, Liu J, Exarhos GJ (2010) Synthesis and properties of nano zeolitic imidazolate frameworks. Chem Commun 46:4878–4880

  98. Pan Y, Lai Z (2011) Sharp separation of C2/C3 hydrocarbon mixtures by zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) membranes synthesized in aqueous solutions. Chem Commun 47:10275–10277

  99. Pan Y, Li T, Lestari G, Lai Z (2012a) Effective separation of propylene/propane binary mixtures by ZIF-8 membranes. J Membr Sci 390:93–98

  100. Pan Y, Wang B, Lai Z (2012b) Synthesis of ceramic hollow fiber supported zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) membranes with high hydrogen permeability. J Membr Sci 421:292–298

  101. Park KS, Ni Z, Côté AP, Choi JY, Huang R, Uribe-Romo FJ, Chae HK, O’Keeffe M, Yaghi OM (2006) Exceptional chemical and thermal stability of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks. Proc Natl Acad Sci 103:10186–10191

  102. Paul DR (2018) Polymeric gas separation membranes. CRC Press, Boca Raton

  103. Peralta D, Chaplais G, Simon-Masseron A, Barthelet K, Pirngruber GD (2012) Synthesis and adsorption properties of ZIF-76 isomorphs. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 153:1–7

  104. Phan A, Doonan CJ, Uribe-Romo FJ, Knobler CB, O’keeffe M, Yaghi OM (2010) Synthesis, structure, and carbon dioxide capture properties of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks. Acc Chem Res 43:58–67

  105. Pimentel BR, Parulkar A, Ek Zhou, Brunelli NA, Lively RP (2014) Zeolitic imidazolate frameworks: next-generation materials for energy-efficient gas separations. Chemsuschem 7:3202–3240

  106. Ramu G, Lee M, Jeong H-K (2018) Effects of zinc salts on the microstructure and performance of zeolitic-imidazolate framework ZIF-8 membranes for propylene/propane separation. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 259:155–162

  107. Rezakazemi M, Dashti A, Harami HR, Hajilari N (2018) Fouling-resistant membranes for water reuse. Environ Chem Lett 16:715–763

  108. Sampranpiboon P, Jiraratananon R, Uttapap D, Feng X, Huang R (2000) Pervaporation separation of ethyl butyrate and isopropanol with polyether block amide (PEBA) membranes. J Membr Sci 173:53–59

  109. Sánchez-Laínez J, Zornoza B, Friebe S, Caro J, Cao S, Sabetghadam A, Seoane B, Gascon J, Kapteijn F, Le Guillouzer C (2016) Influence of ZIF-8 particle size in the performance of polybenzimidazole mixed matrix membranes for pre-combustion CO2 capture and its validation through interlaboratory test. J Membr Sci 515:45–53

  110. Sánchez-Laínez J, Friebe S, Zornoza B, Mundstock A, Strauß I, Téllez C, Caro J, Coronas J (2018a) Polymer-stabilized percolation membranes based on nanosized zeolitic imidazolate frameworks for H2/CO2 separation. ChemNanoMat 4:698–703

  111. Sánchez-Laínez J, Paseta L, Navarro M, Zornoza B, Téllez C, Coronas J (2018b) Ultrapermeable thin film ZIF-8/polyamide membrane for H2/CO2 separation at high temperature without using sweep gas. Adv Mater Interfaces 5:1800647

  112. Sánchez-Laínez J, Zornoza B, Orsi AF, Łozińska MM, Dawson DM, Ashbrook SE, Francis SM, Wright PA, Benoit V, Llewellyn PL (2018c) Synthesis of ZIF-93/11 hybrid nanoparticles via post-synthetic modification of ZIF-93 and their use for H2/CO2 separation. Chem Eur J 24:11211–11219

  113. Sarfraz M, Ba-Shammakh M (2016) Combined effect of CNTs with ZIF-302 into polysulfone to fabricate MMMs for enhanced CO2 separation from flue gases. Arab J Sci Eng 41:2573–2582

  114. Sarfraz M, Ba-Shammakh M (2018a) Pursuit of efficient CO2-capture membranes: graphene oxide-and MOF-integrated Ultrason® membranes. Polym Bull 75:5039–5059

  115. Sarfraz M, Ba-Shammakh M (2018b) ZIF-based water-stable mixed-matrix membranes for effective CO2 separation from humid flue gas. Can J Chem Eng 96:2475–2483

  116. Shamsaei E, Lin X, Low Z-X, Abbasi Z, Hu Y, Liu JZ, Wang H (2016) Aqueous phase synthesis of ZIF-8 membrane with controllable location on an asymmetrically porous polymer substrate. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:6236–6244

  117. Shieh FK, Wang SC, Leo SY, Wu KCW (2013) Water-based synthesis of zeolitic imidazolate framework-90 (ZIF-90) with a controllable particle size. Chem Eur J 19:11139–11142

  118. Song Q, Nataraj S, Roussenova MV, Tan JC, Hughes DJ, Li W, Bourgoin P, Alam MA, Cheetham AK, Al-Muhtaseb SA (2012) Zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-8) based polymer nanocomposite membranes for gas separation. Energy Environ Sci 5:8359–8369

  119. Tanh Jeazet HB, Sorribas S, Román-Marín JM, Zornoza B, Téllez C, Coronas J, Janiak C (2016) Increased selectivity in CO2/CH4 separation with mixed-matrix membranes of polysulfone and mixed-MOFs MIL-101(Cr) and ZIF-8. Eur J Inorg Chem 2016:4363–4367

  120. Tao K, Cao L, Lin Y, Kong C, Chen L (2013a) A hollow ceramic fiber supported ZIF-8 membrane with enhanced gas separation performance prepared by hot dip-coating seeding. J Mater Chem A 1:13046–13049

  121. Tao K, Kong C, Chen L (2013b) High performance ZIF-8 molecular sieve membrane on hollow ceramic fiber via crystallizing-rubbing seed deposition. Chem Eng J 220:1–5

  122. Thompson JA, Blad CR, Brunelli NA, Lydon ME, Lively RP, Jones CW, Nair S (2012) Hybrid zeolitic imidazolate frameworks: controlling framework porosity and functionality by mixed-linker synthesis. Chem Mater 24:1930–1936

  123. Wang L, Fang M, Liu J, He J, Li J, Lei J (2015) Layer-by-layer fabrication of high-performance polyamide/ZIF-8 nanocomposite membrane for nanofiltration applications. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:24082–24093

  124. Wang J-W, Li N-X, Li Z-R, Wang J-R, Xu X, Chen C-S (2016a) Preparation and gas separation properties of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks-8 (ZIF-8) membranes supported on silicon nitride ceramic hollow fibers. Ceram Int 42:8949–8954

  125. Wang J, Wang Y, Zhang Y, Uliana A, Zhu J, Liu J, Van der Bruggen B (2016b) Zeolitic imidazolate framework/graphene oxide hybrid nanosheets functionalized thin film nanocomposite membrane for enhanced antimicrobial performance. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:25508–25519

  126. Wang N, Li X, Wang L, Zhang L, Zhang G, Ji S (2016c) Nanoconfined zeolitic imidazolate framework membranes with composite layers of nearly zero thickness. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:21979–21983

  127. Wang N, Liu T, Shen H, Ji S, Li JR, Zhang R (2016d) Ceramic tubular MOF hybrid membrane fabricated through in situ layer-by-layer self-assembly for nanofiltration. AIChE J 62:538–546

  128. Wen Y, Yuan J, Ma X, Wang S, Liu Y (2019) Polymeric nanocomposite membranes for water treatment: a review. Environ Chem Lett. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-019-00895-9

  129. Xiang L, Sheng L, Wang C, Zhang L, Pan Y, Li Y (2017) Amino-functionalized ZIF-7 nanocrystals: improved intrinsic separation ability and interfacial compatibility in mixed-matrix membranes for CO2/CH4 separation. Adv Mater 29:1606999

  130. Xie Z, Yang J, Wang J, Bai J, Yin H, Yuan B, Lu J, Zhang Y, Zhou L, Duan C (2012) Deposition of chemically modified α-Al2O3 particles for high performance ZIF-8 membrane on a macroporous tube. Chem Commun 48:5977–5979

  131. Xu G, Yao J, Wang K, He L, Webley PA, Chen C-s, Wang H (2011) Preparation of ZIF-8 membranes supported on ceramic hollow fibers from a concentrated synthesis gel. J Membr Sci 385:187–193

  132. Yang T, Chung T-S (2013a) High performance ZIF-8/PBI nano-composite membranes for high temperature hydrogen separation consisting of carbon monoxide and water vapor. Int J Hydrogen Energy 38:229–239

  133. Yang T, Chung T-S (2013b) Room-temperature synthesis of ZIF-90 nanocrystals and the derived nano-composite membranes for hydrogen separation. J Mater Chem A 1:6081–6090

  134. Yang T, Shi GM, Chung TS (2012) Symmetric and asymmetric zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF)/polybenzimidazole (PBI) nanocomposite membranes for hydrogen purification at high temperatures. Adv Energy Mater 2:1358–1367

  135. Yang J, Zhang Y-B, Liu Q, Trickett CA, Gutiérrez-Puebla E, Monge MA, Cong H, Aldossary A, Deng H, Yaghi OM (2017a) Principles of designing extra-large pore openings and cages in zeolitic imidazolate frameworks. J Am Chem Soc 139:6448–6455

  136. Yang L, Wang Z, Zhang J (2017b) Zeolite imidazolate framework hybrid nanofiltration (NF) membranes with enhanced permselectivity for dye removal. J Membr Sci 532:76–86

  137. Yang H, Wang N, Wang L, Liu H-X, An Q-F, Ji S (2018) Vacuum-assisted assembly of ZIF-8@ GO composite membranes on ceramic tube with enhanced organic solvent nanofiltration performance. J Membr Sci 545:158–166

  138. Yao J, Wang H (2014) Zeolitic imidazolate framework composite membranes and thin films: synthesis and applications. Chem Soc Rev 43:4470–4493

  139. Yao J, Dong D, Li D, He L, Xu G, Wang H (2011) Contra-diffusion synthesis of ZIF-8 films on a polymer substrate. Chem Commun 47:2559–2561

  140. Yao J, He M, Wang K, Chen R, Zhong Z, Wang H (2013) High-yield synthesis of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks from stoichiometric metal and ligand precursor aqueous solutions at room temperature. CrystEngComm 15:3601–3606

  141. Yuan J, Li Q, Shen J, Huang K, Liu G, Zhao J, Duan J, Jin W (2017) Hydrophobic-functionalized ZIF-8 nanoparticles incorporated PDMS membranes for high-selective separation of propane/nitrogen. Asia-Pac J Chem Eng 12:110–120

  142. Yumru AB, Safak Boroglu M, Boz I (2018) ZIF-11/Matrimid® mixed matrix membranes for efficient CO2, CH4, and H2 separations. Greenh Gases Sci Technol 8:529–541

  143. Zhang H, Wang Y (2016) Poly(vinyl alcohol)/ZIF-8-NH2 mixed matrix membranes for ethanol dehydration via pervaporation. AIChE J 62:1728–1739

  144. Zhang C, Xiao Y, Liu D, Yang Q, Zhong C (2013a) A hybrid zeolitic imidazolate framework membrane by mixed-linker synthesis for efficient CO2 capture. Chem Commun 49:600–602

  145. Zhang X, Liu Y, Kong L, Liu H, Qiu J, Han W, Weng L-T, Yeung KL, Zhu W (2013b) A simple and scalable method for preparing low-defect ZIF-8 tubular membranes. J Mater Chem A 1:10635–10638

  146. Zhang C, Zhang K, Xu L, Labreche Y, Kraftschik B, Koros WJ (2014a) Highly scalable ZIF-based mixed-matrix hollow fiber membranes for advanced hydrocarbon separations. AIChE J 60:2625–2635

  147. Zhang X, Liu Y, Li S, Kong L, Liu H, Li Y, Han W, Yeung KL, Zhu W, Yang W (2014b) New membrane architecture with high performance: ZIF-8 membrane supported on vertically aligned ZnO nanorods for gas permeation and separation. Chem Mater 26:1975–1981

  148. Zhao S, Cao X, Ma Z, Wang Z, Qiao Z, Wang J, Wang S (2015) Mixed-matrix membranes for CO2/N2 separation comprising a poly(vinylamine) matrix and metal–organic frameworks. Ind Eng Chem Res 54:5139–5148

  149. Zhu Y, Gupta KM, Liu Q, Jiang J, Caro J, Huang A (2016) Synthesis and seawater desalination of molecular sieving zeolitic imidazolate framework membranes. Desalination 385:75–82

  150. Zornoza B, Seoane B, Zamaro JM, Téllez C, Coronas J (2011) Combination of MOFs and zeolites for mixed-matrix membranes. ChemPhysChem 12:2781–2785

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Maryam Homayoonfal.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mirqasemi, M.S., Homayoonfal, M. & Rezakazemi, M. Zeolitic imidazolate framework membranes for gas and water purification. Environ Chem Lett 18, 1–52 (2020) doi:10.1007/s10311-019-00933-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Zeolitic imidazolate framework
  • Mixed matrix membrane
  • Gas separation
  • Pervaporation
  • Nanofiltration
  • Reverse osmosis