Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 1195–1208 | Cite as

Complexing agents for metal removal using ultrafiltration membranes: a review

  • Mustapha D. Garba
  • Muhammad Usman
  • Mohammad A. Jafar MazumderEmail author
  • Amir Al-Ahmed
  • InamuddinEmail author


Water pollution by human activities is major issue. In particular, toxic metals are of particular concern, thus calling for advanced methods to remove metals from contaminated waters. Here we review the use of polymeric complexing agents such as pectin, alginate, chitosan, polyethyleneimine, polyacetic acid, polystyrene sulfonate sodium polyacrylate, polyvinyl alcohol and diethylaminoethyl cellulose, to increase the efficiency of metal removal up to 100% by ultrafiltration.


Complexation Wastewater Ultrafiltration Membranes Heavy metals 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the Chemistry Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, for providing excellent research facilities and the Deanship of Scientific Research, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia, for financial assistance through the Internal Project # IN161036.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  2. 2.Center for Research Excellence in Nanotechnology (CENT)King Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Chemistry DepartmentKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Center of Research Excellence in Renewable EnergyKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Chemistry Department, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  6. 6.Centre of Excellence for Advanced Materials ResearchKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

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