Advertisement

Eco-friendly dyeing of cotton with brown natural dye extracted from Ficus amplissima Smith leaves

  • Sudhir Kumbhar
  • Prakash Hankare
  • Sandip Sabale
  • Rajendra KumbharEmail author
Original Paper
  • 62 Downloads

Abstract

We have extracted a new brown-coloured natural dye from the leaves of Ficus amplissima Smith using Soxhlet extraction. The dye was assessed for the colour composition by qualitative phytochemical analysis, UV–visible and FTIR spectra, and tested for the dyeing of cotton. We used alum, copper sulphate, iron sulphate and stannous chloride mordants using the pre-mordanting method. The dye was fixed on the mordanted cotton by the conventional dyeing methods and optimized dyeing conditions. Results show the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, steroids, flavonoids, flavones, polyphenols, saponin, tannins, terpenoids and coumarins. Optimal dyeing conditions are  7 % over the weight of fabric dye concentration, 80 °C dyeing temperature, 120 min dyeing time and 6.5 dye bath pH. The metal treatment of the cotton induces bright brown to bluish-black shades with improved colour strength and fastness properties. Overall, this new dye is eco-friendly, non-polluting, healthy and alternative to synthetic brown dyes for cotton.

Keywords

Ficus amplissima Smith Brown dye Natural dye Mordants Eco-friendly 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to the Principal of DKTE Society’s Textile and Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji, for providing colourimetric and fastness test facilities.

Supplementary material

10311_2018_854_MOESM1_ESM.docx (638 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 638 kb)

References

  1. Arunachalam K, Parimelaznagan T (2013) Anti-inflammatory, wound healing and in vivo antioxidant properties of the leaves of Ficus amplissima Smith. J Ethnopharmacol 145:139–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arunachalam K, Iniyavan M, Parimelazhagan T (2013) A HPTLC method for the identification of potential therapeutic compound of kaempferol from Ficus amplissima Smith. Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res 22:166–171Google Scholar
  3. Brunello F (1973) The art of dyeing in the history of mankind. Neri Pozza Editore, VicenzaGoogle Scholar
  4. Chukowry PK, Mudhoo A, Santchurn SJ (2017) Bacillus algicola decolourises more than 95% of some textile azo dyes. Environ Chem Lett 15:531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Clark M (2011) Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing: Principles, processes and types of dyes. Woodhead Publishing Limited, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Diagne M, Sharma VK, Oturan N et al (2014) Depollution of indigo dye by anodic oxidation and electro-Fenton using B-doped diamond anode. Environ Chem Lett 12:219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ebrahimi I, Gashti MP (2015) Extraction of polyphenolic dyes from henna, pomegranate rind and Pterocarya fraxinifolia for nylon 6 dyeing. Colora Technol 132:162–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Geelani SM, Ara S, Mir NA, Bhat SJA, Mishra PK (2016) Dyeing and fastness properties of Quercus robur with natural mordants on natural fibre. Text Cloth Sustain 2:8.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s40689-016-0019-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Haddar W, Elksibi I, Meski N, Mhenni MF (2014) Valorisation of the leaves of fennel (Phoeniculum vulgare) as natural dyes fixed on modified cotton: a dyeing process optimization based on response surface methodology. Indus Crops Prod 52:588–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hasan MA, Nayem KA, Mohammad AY, Azim A, Ghosh NC (2015) Application of purified lawsone as natural dye on cotton and silk fabric. J Text.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/932627 Google Scholar
  11. Jogi PS (2012) Evolution of phytochemical constituents and biological screening of Ficus hispida leaves in Chandrapur forest region. Int J Res Plant Sci 2:59–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kasiri MB, Safapour S (2014) Natural dyes and antimicrobials for green treatment of textiles. Environ Chem Lett 12:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kumbhar SB, Kumbhar RR (2015) Enzymatic dyeing of cotton with natural dye extracted from Punica granatum rind. Int J Multidiscip Res 60:27–29Google Scholar
  14. Mariselvam R, Ranjitsingh AJA, Selvakumar PM, Krishnamoorthy R, Alshatwi AA (2017) Eco friendly natural dyes from Syzygium cumini (l) (jambolan) fruit seed endosperm and to preparation of antimicrobial fabric and their washing properties. Fibers Polym 18:460–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mehrparvar L, Safapour S, Sadeghi-Kiakhani M et al (2016) Chitosan-polypropylene imine dendrimer hybrid: a new ecological biomordant for cochineal dyeing of wool. Environ Chem Lett 14:533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mitra R, Kapoor LD (1972) Pharmacognostical studies of Ficus tsiela Roxb. Ind J Pharm 34:171Google Scholar
  17. Murugan R, Arunachalam K, Parimelazhagan T (2012) Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and phytochemical constituents of Ficus (Ficus amplissima Smith) bark. Food Sci Biotechnol 21:59–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nayar TS, Rasiya Beegam A, Sibi M (2014) Flowering plants of Western Ghats, India dicots volume I. Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  19. Osman H, Su Z, Ma X (2017) Efficient photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B dye using ZnO/graphitic C3N4 nanocomposites synthesized by microwave. Environ Chem Lett 15:435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rajendran R, Thamarai SB (2014) Natural dyeing of cotton fabrics with pigment extracted from Roseomonas Fauriae. Univ J Enviorn Res Technol 4:54–59Google Scholar
  21. Rehman F, Adeel S, Qaiser S, Bhatti IA, Shahid M, Zuber M (2012) Dyeing behavior of gyma irradiated cotton using lwosone dye extracted from henna leaves (Lawsonia inermis). Radiat Phys Chem 81:1752–1756CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Saeed M, Ahmad A, Boddula R et al (2018) Ag@MnxOy: an effective catalyst for photo-degradation of rhodamine B dye. Environ Chem Lett 16:287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Shabbir M, Rather LJ, Shahid-Ul-Islam et al (2016) An eco-friendly dyeing of woolen yarn by Terminalia chebula extract with evaluations of kinetic and adsorption characteristics. J Adv Res 7:473–482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shiva R (2010) Status of natural dye and dye yielding plants in India. Curr Sci 92:916–925Google Scholar
  25. Tang RC, Tang H, Yang C (2010) Adsorption isotherms and mordant dyeing properties of tea polyphenols on wool, silk and nylon. Indus Eng Chem Res 49:8894–8901CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Vankar P (2007) A handbook for natural dyes for industrial applications. National Institute Of Industrial Research, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  27. Vankar PS, Shankar R, Dixit S, Mahanta D (2009) Sonicator dyeing of cotton, wool and silk with leaves extract. J Text Appar Technol Manag 6:1–11Google Scholar
  28. Varadarajan G, Venkatachalam P (2016) Sustainable textile dyeing processes. Environ Chem Lett 14:113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Velmurugan P, Kamala-Kannan S, Balachandra V, Lakshmanaperumalsamy P, Chae J, Oh B (2010) Natural pigment extracted from five filamentous fungi for industrial applications and dyeing of leather. Carbohydr Polym 79:262–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryY. C. Institute of ScienceSataraIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryShivaji UniversityKolhapurIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryJaysingpur CollegeJaysingpurIndia

Personalised recommendations