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Humic-like substances global levels and extraction methods in aerosols

  • Naoya Katsumi
  • Shuhei Miyake
  • Hiroshi Okochi
  • Yukiya Minami
  • Hiroshi Kobayashi
  • Shungo Kato
  • Ryuichi Wada
  • Masaki Takeuchi
  • Kei Toda
  • Kazuhiko Miura
Original Paper
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

The abundance of humic-like substances in the atmosphere has received considerable attention since these substances play an important role in various atmospheric processes. The wide variety of quantitative techniques used to study humic-like substances produce dissimilar results, making data comparison difficult. Also, global background concentrations and the transfer of atmospheric humic-like substances are poorly known. Here, we compared resins to extract humic-like substances in aerosols, and we measured contents in aerosols from Mt. Fuji. Results show that diethylaminoethyl cellulose resins extracted more humic-like substances than the diethylaminoethyl resin (hydroxylated methacrylic polymer). The mean humic-like substances concentrations in the free troposphere in East Asia is similar to that in Europe, suggesting that the global background level of humic-like substances is 0.05 μg C m−3, based on the humic-like substances concentrations on Mt. Fuji and Mt. Sonnblick. Humic-like substances concentrations, especially fulvic acids concentration, at the summit of Mt. Fuji increased when air masses came from the continent along with the carbon monoxide and ozone.

Keywords

Diethylaminoethyl resin Free troposphere Humic-like substances Water-soluble organic carbon 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was carried out by cooperation from the NPO Mount Fuji Research Station (MFRS) and supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (No. 16K21427) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and Waseda University Grant for Special Research Projects (Project Number: 2016S-068).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Resources and Environmental Engineering, School of Creative Science and EngineeringWaseda UniversityShinjukuJapan
  2. 2.Department of Bioresources and Environmental SciencesIshikawa Prefectural UniversityNonoichiJapan
  3. 3.Graduate Faculty of Interdisciplinary Research, Graduate SchoolUniversity of YamanashiKofuJapan
  4. 4.Faculty of Urban Environmental SciencesTokyo Metropolitan UniversityHachiojiJapan
  5. 5.Department of Natural and Environmental ScienceTeikyo University of ScienceUenoharaJapan
  6. 6.Institute of Biomedical SciencesTokushima University Graduate SchoolTokushimaJapan
  7. 7.Department of ChemistryKumamoto UniversityKumamotoJapan
  8. 8.Department of PhysicsTokyo University of ScienceShinjukuJapan

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