Asia Europe Journal

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 107–127 | Cite as

Frozen, stalled, stuck, or just muddling through: the post-Dayton frozen conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Valery PerryEmail author
Original Paper


The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) ended in 1995, yet the state remains crippled by inertia, escalating political infighting, and domestic and regional rhetoric that undermines efforts at community, social, and political reconciliation. The author argues that BiH can be categorized as a frozen conflict, as the core issues at the heart of the violent conflict of the 1990s have not been resolved. BiH is an interesting case study as the nature of today’s frozen conflict was to a large extent shaped by the very peace agreement that ended the war, which effectively ended the war yet failed to either address the drivers of conflict, or to establish political and structural mechanisms that would help to mediate and govern the country. Following brief historical background, Ludvik and Smetana’s offered subtypes are applied, with various scenarios proposed to illustrate key characteristics. The conclusion argues that no conflict transformation has occurred over the past 20+ years, and the structure of the conflict itself has begun to change over a generation of destructive stasis.


Bosnia and Herzegovina Western Balkans Constitutional reform Post-war state-building Dayton peace agreement Reconciliation 



The author would like to thank Armina Mujanovic for research support. All errors are the author’s alone.

Funding information

This study received funding from the Charles University Research Center program UNCE/HUM/028 (Peace Research Center Prague/Faculty of Social Sciences) and by the Ministry of Interior of the Czech Republic, grant project VI20152019011.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Democratization Policy CouncilSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina

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