GPS Solutions

, 23:17 | Cite as

Real-time capturing of seismic waveforms using high-rate BDS, GPS and GLONASS observations: the 2017 Mw 6.5 Jiuzhaigou earthquake in China

  • Xingxing Li
  • Kai ZhengEmail author
  • Xin Li
  • Gang Liu
  • Maorong Ge
  • Jens Wickert
  • Harald Schuh
Original Article


The rapid development of the BeiDou Satellite Navigation System (BDS) and other Global Navigation Satellite System (multi-GNSS) constellations provides a great opportunity to contribute to earthquake early warning systems in terms of capturing displacement and velocity waveforms for the estimation of magnitude and fault slip inversion. In this study, we demonstrate the capability of BDS and the benefit of multi-GNSS for real-time capturing seismic waveforms using the combined high-rate BDS + GPS + GLONASS data collected during the 2017 Mw 6.5 Jiuzhaigou earthquake. For this event, we found that the displacements, derived from BDS precise point positioning (PPP) are better than that of Global Positioning System-only (GPS) results, especially in the east and vertical components with improvements of 43% and 23%. While the velocity waveforms from BDS present a comparable performance with GPS. the multi-GNSS fusion can significantly improve the accuracy by 47%, 55%, and 28% in the east, north, and vertical components compared with GPS-only results. The BDS and multi-GNSS derived displacement waveforms agree quite well with those obtained from integrating the acceleration, with accuracy at the millimeter level. In addition, the theoretical permanent displacement field calculated from a finite-fault slip model is selected as an independent reference, and the differences between GNSS derived permanent displacements and theoretical permanent displacements are mostly less than 1 mm. Therefore, we conclude that the BDS and multi-GNSS fusion can significantly contribute to the real-time capture of accurate seismic waveforms and that it has the potential to benefit for earthquake early warning and rapid geohazard assessment.


Seismic waveforms High-rate BDS Multi-GNSS Real-time PPP Jiuzhaigou earthquake 



We are very grateful to MGEX (, CMONOC (, and BDGBAS ( for providing multi-GNSS data. This work is funded by the China Scholarship Council (CSC, file 201706270123).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Geodesy and GeomaticsWuhan UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.German Research Centre for Geosciences GFZPotsdamGermany
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Earthquake Geodesy, Institute of SeismologyChina Earthquake AdministrationWuhanChina
  4. 4.Technische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

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