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Generate Structured Radiology Report from CT Images Using Image Annotation Techniques: Preliminary Results with Liver CT

  • Samira Loveymi
  • Mir Hossein Dezfoulian
  • Muharram MansoorizadehEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

A medical annotation system for radiology images extracts clinically useful information from the images, allowing the machines to infer useful abstract semantics and become capable of automatic reasoning and making diagnostic decision. It also supplies human-interpretable explanation for the images. We have implemented a computerized framework that, given a liver CT image, predicts radiological annotations with high accuracy, in order to generate a structured report, which includes predicting very specific high-level semantic content. Each report of a liver CT image is related to different inhomogeneous parts like the liver, lesion, and vessel. We put forward a claim that gathering all kinds of features is not suitable for filling all parts of the report. As a matter of fact, for each group of annotations, one should find and extract the best feature that results in the best answers for that specific annotation. To this end, the main challenge is discovering the relationships between these specific semantic concepts and their association with the low-level image features. Our framework was implemented by combining a set of the state-of-the-art low-level imaging features. In addition, we propose a novel feature (DLBP (deep local binary pattern)) based on LBP that incorporates multi-slice analysis in CT images and further improves the performance. In order to model our annotation system, two methods were used, namely multi-class support vector machine (SVM) and random subspace (RS) which is an ensemble learning method. Applying this representation leads to a high prediction accuracy of 93.1% despite its relatively low dimension in comparison with the existing works.

Keywords

Deep local binary pattern Medical image annotation Computed tomography Liver CT images 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computer Engineering DepartmentBu-Ali Sina UniversityHamedanIran

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