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Odontology

pp 1–9 | Cite as

Aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms and antibiotic sensitivity of odontogenic maxillofacial infections

  • Emmanuel López-González
  • Marlen Vitales-Noyola
  • Ana María González-Amaro
  • Verónica Méndez-González
  • Antonio Hidalgo-Hurtado
  • Rosaura Rodríguez-Flores
  • Amaury Pozos-GuillénEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

This study aimed to identify the aerobic and anaerobic causal microorganisms of odontogenic infections and their antibiotic sensitivity. Purulent exudates were taken from patients with odontogenic infections by transdermal puncture, and aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms were identified using biochemical tests. Susceptibility to antibiotics was tested using the Kirby-Bauer method; the inhibition halos were measured according to NCCLS, and based on the results, the microorganisms were classified as susceptible, intermediate or resistant to each antibiotic. Frequencies of species and percentages of resistance were calculated. The microorganisms associated with odontogenic infections were principally anaerobic (65.3% anaerobic vs. 35.7% aerobic), and the susceptibility to antibiotics was higher in anaerobic than in aerobic microorganisms. The majority of isolated microorganisms (82%) showed susceptibility to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. The causal agents of odontogenic infections were anaerobic microorganisms, which exhibited high resistance to antibiotics.

Keywords

Microorganism Antibiotic Odontogenic infection Aerobic Anaerobic 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was partially supported by PFCE-UASLP 2018 grant.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Society of The Nippon Dental University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emmanuel López-González
    • 1
  • Marlen Vitales-Noyola
    • 1
  • Ana María González-Amaro
    • 1
  • Verónica Méndez-González
    • 1
  • Antonio Hidalgo-Hurtado
    • 2
  • Rosaura Rodríguez-Flores
    • 3
  • Amaury Pozos-Guillén
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Endodontics Posgraduated Program, Faculty of DentistrySan Luis Potosí UniversitySan Luis PotosíMexico
  2. 2.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryHospital “Ignacio Morones Prieto”San Luis PotosíMexico
  3. 3.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryHospital No. 50 of Mexican Social Security InstituteSan Luis PotosíMexico
  4. 4.Basic Sciences Laboratory, Faculty of DentistrySan Luis Potosi University, Zona UniversitariaSan Luis PotosíMexico

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