Beneficial Use of Deep Ordovician Limestone Water from Mine Safety Dewatering at the Xinglongzhuang Coal Mine, North China

Gewinnbringende Nutzung von Wasser aus der bergwerkssicherheitsbedingten Entwässerung eines tiefen ordovizischen Kalksteins im Xinglongzhuang Kohlebergwerk, Nordchina

Beneficial Use of Deep Ordovician Limestone Water from Mine Safety Dewatering at the Xinglongzhuang Coal Mine, North China

Uso beneficioso del agua profunda de piedra caliza del Ordovícico proveniente del desagote de seguridad en la mina de carbón Xinglongzhuang, norte de China

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The use of water from mine dewatering has become increasingly important issue in northern China. Much of this water is discharged to the environment, which wastes a valuable resource and pollutes the ecosystem. To help address this, a feasibility analysis was carried on using deep Ordovician limestone water from dewatering at the Xinglongzhuang coal mine. First, a safe hydraulic pressure was estimated using the conventional water inrush coefficient method. Then, based on the results of a water release test (drilled into an artesian aquifer), a model representing the geology and hydrology of the study area was subsequently established and calibrated to existing conditions and water release test results, using the numerical simulation program FEFLOW. Finally, according to a contract signed between the mine and a local industrial water consumer, two cases of dewatering were discussed using the model to maintain a balance between mining safety and supplying water for nearby industrial operations. During the calibration and prediction analysis, the permeable faults were identified as the most important factor in water management and a key factor for balancing the aforementioned needs.


Die Verwendung von Wasser aus der Entwässerung im Bergbau ist in Nordchina zu einem zunehmend wichtigen Thema geworden. Ein Großteil dieses Wassers wird in die Umwelt abgeleitet, womit eine wertvolle Ressource verschwendet und Ökosysteme verschmutzt werden. Um dieses Thema anzugehen, wurde eine Machbarkeitsstudie zur Nutzung von Wasser aus der Entwässerung eines tiefen ordovizischen Kalksteins im Xinglongzhuang Kohlebergwerk durchgeführt. In einem ersten Schritt wurde unter Verwendung der gebräuchlichen Wassereinbruchskoeffizientenmethode (water inrush coefficient method) ein sicherer hydraulischer Druck abgeschätzt. Anschließend wurde, aufbauend auf den Ergebnissen eines Wasserfreisetzungstests (gebohrt in einem artesischen Aquifer), ein Modell zur Darstellung der Geologie und Hydrologie des Untersuchungsgebiets erstellt und mittels dem numerischen Simulationsprogramm FEFLOW mit aktuellen Bedingungen und Ergebnissen des Wasserfreisetzungstests kalibriert. Abschließend wurden entsprechend eines Vertrages zwischen dem Bergwerksbetreiber und lokalen Abnehmern für Brauchwasser zwei Entwässerungsfälle diskutiert, um unter Verwendung des Modells die Balance zwischen Bergwerkssicherheit und Wasserlieferung für den nahegelegenen Industriebetrieb zu erhalten. Im Zuge der Analyse von Kalibration und Prognose wurden die durchlässigen Störungen als der wichtigste Faktor im Wassermanagement und ein Schlüsselfaktor bei der Abstimmung der o.g. Bedürfnisse identifiziert.




El uso de agua de desagote de minas se ha convertido en un problema cada vez más importante en el norte de China. Gran parte de esta agua se descarga al medio ambiente, lo que desperdicia un recurso valioso y contamina el ecosistema. En un abordaje del tema, se realizó un análisis de viabilidad utilizando aguas profundas de piedra caliza de Ordovícico procedentes del desagote en la mina de carbón Xinglongzhuang. En primer lugar, se estimó una presión hidráulica segura utilizando el método convencional de coeficiente de irrupción de agua. Luego, con base en los resultados de una prueba de liberación de agua (perforación en un acuífero artesiano), se estableció un modelo que representa la geología e hidrología del área de estudio; posteriormente, aquel modelo se calibró a las condiciones existentes y a los resultados de la prueba de liberación de agua, utilizando el programa de simulación numérica FEFLOW. Finalmente, de acuerdo con un contrato firmado entre la mina y un consumidor local de agua industrial, se analizaron dos casos de desagote utilizando el modelo para mantener un equilibrio entre la seguridad minera y el suministro de agua para las operaciones industriales de los alrededores. Durante el análisis de calibración y predicción, las fallas permeables se identificaron como el factor más importante en la gestión del agua y un factor clave para equilibrar las necesidades antes mencionadas.

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Financial support for this work was provided by the Fundamental Research Funds of the State Key Program of National Natural Science of China (No. 41430643), The National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2015CB251601). The authors also thank the reviewers for their useful comments.

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Correspondence to Wenping Li.

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Chen, W., Li, W., Qiao, W. et al. Beneficial Use of Deep Ordovician Limestone Water from Mine Safety Dewatering at the Xinglongzhuang Coal Mine, North China. Mine Water Environ (2020) doi:10.1007/s10230-020-00653-2

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  • Feasibility analysis
  • Water release test
  • Numerical simulation