Description of a new species of the genus Acropoma (Acropomatidae) from the Arafura Sea with a redescription of Acropoma leobergi Prokofiev 2018 and the first record of Acropoma boholensis Yamanoue and Matsuura 2002 from the South China Sea

  • 158 Accesses


A new species of the genus Acropoma, A. arafurensis sp. nov., is described based on two specimens (57.3–76.2 mm standard length: SL) collected from the Arafura Sea. The present species is distinguished from other congeners by a combination of the following characters: luminous gland U-shaped extending from throat to posterior tip of pectoral fin; luminous-gland length 29.5–32.0% SL; symphysis of lower jaw not sharply protruded; proximal radial of first anal-fin pterygiophore with concavity on anterior surface; anus situated closer to pelvic-fin insertion than to origin of anal fin; cycloid scales on lateral side of posterior half of body; vertical line on cheek absent; scales between first dorsal-fin base and lateral line 4; pectoral-fin rays 15; and gill rakers 20–21. Acropoma leobergi is redescribed based on 60 specimens (38.6–143.5 mm SL) from Taiwan, Philippines, and northern and west coast of Australia. Additionally, two specimens (94.9–103.1 mm SL) of A. boholensis collected from Luzon, Philippines, represent the first record of this species from the South China Sea.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 99

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9


  1. Ahlstrom EH, Butler JL, Sumida BY (1976) Pelagic stromateoid fishes (Pisces, Perciformes) of the eastern Pacific: kinds, distributions, and early life histories and observations on five of these from the North-west Atlantic. Bull Mar Sci 26:285–402

  2. Brüss R, Ben-Tuvia A (1983) Tiefenwasser- und Tiefseefische aus dem Roten Meer. VIII. Über das Vorkommen von Acropoma japonicum Günther 1859. Senckenb Marit 15:27–37

  3. Fourmanoir P (1988) Acropoma lecorneti, une nouvelle espèce de Nouvelle-Calédonie (Pisces, Perciformes, Acropomatidae). Cybium 12:259–263

  4. Fricke R, Eschmeyer WN (2019) A guide to fish collections in the Catalog of fishes. Online version, updated 4 March 2019. Internet publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. Accessed 26 March 2019

  5. Ghedotti MJ, Gruber JN, Barton RW, Davis MP, Smith WL (2018) Morphology and evolution of bioluminescent organ in the glowbellies (Percomorpha: Acropomatidae) with comments on the taxonomy and phylogeny of Acropomatiformes. J Morph 2018:1–14

  6. Günther A (1859) Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum, vol 1. Gasterosteidae, Berycidae, Percidae, Aphredoderidae, Pristipomatidae, Mullidae, Sparidae. British Museum, London

  7. Haneda Y (1950) Luminous organs of the fish which emit light indirectly. Pac Sci 4:214–227

  8. Haneda Y, Johnson FH (1962) The photogenic organs of Parapriacanthus beryciformes Franz and other fish with the indirect type of luminescent system. J Morphol 110:187–198

  9. Hubbs CL, Lagler KF (1958) Fishes of the Great Lakes region. Cranbrook Inst Sci Bull 26:1–213, 44 pls

  10. Javadzadeh N, Vosoughi G, Valinassab T, Fatemi MR, Abdoli A (2012) Morphological features of two mesopelagic fish (Acropoma japonicum and Synagrops adeni) from the Oman Sea, Iran. World Appl Sci J 17:494–496

  11. Matsubara K (1953) Revision of the Japanese serranid fish, referable to the genus Acropoma. Mem Coll Agric Kyoto Univ 66:21–29

  12. Mohsin AKM, Ambak MA (1996) Marine fishes and fisheries of Malaysia and neighboring countries. University of Pertanian Makaysia Press, Serdang

  13. Okamoto M (2014) Acropoma profundum, a new species of lanternbelly (Teleostei: Perciformes: Acropomatidae) from the Solomon Islands. Spec Divers 19:9–14

  14. Okamoto M, Golani D (2017) Three new species of the genus Acropoma (Perciformes: Acropomatidae) from the Indian Ocean. (also appeared in Ichthyol Res 65:101–114)

  15. Okamoto M, Ida H (2002) Acropoma argentistigma, a new species from the Andaman Sea, off southern Thailand (Perciformes: Acropomatidae). Ichthyol Res 49:281–285

  16. Okamoto M, Motomura H (2017) An additional specimen of a rare lanternbelly Acropoma lecorneti (Perciformes: Acropomatidae) from Vanuatu, South Pacific Ocean. Cybium 41:373–375

  17. Okuda N, Hamaoka H, Omori K (2005) Life history and ecology of the glowbelly Acropoma japonicum in the Uwa Sea, Japan. Fish Sci 71:1042–1048

  18. Paxton JR, Hanley JE (1989) Percichthyidae. In: Paxton JR, Hoese DF, Allen GR, Hanley JE (eds) Zoological catalogue of Australia. Vol 7. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, pp 509–515

  19. Paxton JR, Gates JE, Hoese DF (2006) Acropomatidae. In: Hoese DF, Bray DJ, Allen GR (eds) Zoological catalogue of Australia. Vol 35. Pt 2. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, pp 975–979

  20. Prokofiev AM. (2018) A new species of luminous percoids of the Acropoma genus (Acropomatidae). J Ichthyol 58:939–943

  21. Randall J, Lim KKP (2000) A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. The Raffles Bull Zool Suppl 8:569–667

  22. Sainsbury K, Kailola PJ, Leyland GG (1985) Fishes of northern and north-western Australia. CSIRO, Canberra

  23. Schwarzhans WW, Prokofiev AM (2017) Reappraisal of Synagrops Günther, 1887 with rehabilitation and revision of Parascombrops Alcock, 1889 including description of seven new species and two new genera (Perciformes: Acropomatidae). Zootaxa 4260:1–74

  24. Shinohara G, Sato T, Aonuma Y, Horikawa H, Matsuura K, Nakabo T, Sato K (2005) Annotated checklist of deep-sea fishes from the waters around the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Natl Sci Mus Monogr (29):385–452

  25. Temminck CJ, Schlegel H (1843) Pisces. Pts 2–4. In: von Siebold PF (ed) Fauna Japonica. Muller, Amsterdam, pp 21–72

  26. Trnski T, Leis JM (2000) Acropomatidae (glowbellies, splitfins). In: Leis JM, Carson-Ewart BM (eds) The larvae of Indo-Pacific coastal fishes: an identification guide to marine fish larvae. Brill, Leiden, pp 263–268

  27. Williams A, Last PR, Gomon MF, Paxton JR (1996) Species composition and checklist of the demersal ichthyofauna of the continental slope off Western Australia (20–35°S). Rec West Aust Mus 18:135–155

  28. Yamada U, Tokimura M, Horikawa H, Nakabo T (2007) Fishes and fisheries of the East China and Yellow Seas. Tokai University Press, Tokyo

  29. Yamakawa T (1985) Acropoma. In: Okamura O (ed) Fishes of the Okinawa Trough and the adjacent waters. Japan Fisheries Research Laboratory, Tokyo, pp 454–455, 661

  30. Yamanoue Y, Matsuura K (2002) A new species of the genus Acropoma (Perciformes: Acropomatidae) from the Philippines. Ichthyol Res 49:21–24

  31. Yamanoue Y, Toda M (2008) Redescription of Acropoma lecorneti Fourmanoir 1988 (Perciformes: Acropomatidae) with the first record from the North Pacific. Ichthyol Res 55:198–201

Download references


We are most grateful to the following persons and institutions for specimen loans: M. McGrouther, A. Hay and S. Reader (AMS); M. Arce and M. Sabaj (ANSP); A. Suzumoto and L. O’Hara (BPBM); T. Iwamoto, D. Catania and M. Hoang (CAS); A. Graham (CSIRO); T. Asahida (FSKU); H. Senou (KPM); P. Pruvost, R. Causse and Z. Gabsi (MNHN); K. Matsuura, G. Shinohara and M. Nakae (NSMT); and D. Pitassy and E. Wilbur (USNM). We also thank D. Hoese (Australian Museum, Sydney) for providing literature and H. Motomura (KAUM) for his curatorial assistance. The Philippine specimens were acquired under a collaborative Philippine Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources - National Fisheries Research and Development Institute (BFAR-NFRDI), and Smithsonian (SI) project to survey the commercial marine fishes of the Philippines. The Philippine specimens were collected by M. Santos (NFRDI), J. Williams (SI) and K. Carpenter. Funding for the project was provided by the US Food and Drug Administration through Jonathan Deeds.

Author information

Correspondence to Makoto Okamoto.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

This article was registered in the Official Registry of Zoological Nomenclature (ZooBank) as 594449F4-596C-4E9D-9C48-0EF9375AE11B.

This article was published as an Online First article on the online publication date shown on this page. The article should be cited by using the doi number.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Okamoto, M., Williams, J.T., Carpenter, K.E. et al. Description of a new species of the genus Acropoma (Acropomatidae) from the Arafura Sea with a redescription of Acropoma leobergi Prokofiev 2018 and the first record of Acropoma boholensis Yamanoue and Matsuura 2002 from the South China Sea. Ichthyol Res 67, 39–49 (2020) doi:10.1007/s10228-019-00696-8

Download citation


  • Taxonomy
  • Western Pacific
  • Luminous organ
  • Lanternbelly
  • Glowbelly