Does self-efficacy contribute to the development of students’ motivation across the transition from secondary to higher education?
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The transition from secondary to higher education is a challenging process, in which the development of students’ motivation plays a pivotal role. The current study examines whether self-efficacy—and how it develops—is able to explain the growth in motivation. The current longitudinal study included five waves, across a period of 25 months (i.e. start of the final year of secondary education until the beginning of the second year of higher education). Results show—contrary to our hypothesis based on the self-determination theory and social cognitive theory—that the growth in autonomous motivation positively predicts the growth in self-efficacy and that this ‘reversed’ model is superior in terms of fit and explained variance to the hypothesised model.
KeywordsMotivation Self-efficacy Transition Longitudinal growth analysis Higher education
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