acta ethologica

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 113–123 | Cite as

Effects of the neutral household detergent on the behaviour and personality of guppy Poecilia reticulata (Peters, 1859) (Osteichthyes: Poeciliidae)

  • João Victor Saraiva Raimondi Lopes
  • Robert John Young
  • Cristiano Schetini de AzevedoEmail author
Original Paper


Chemical pollution of aquatic environments has been increasing in recent times, causing great damage to the ecosystems and to the fishery sector. Pollutants can negatively alter an animals’ life, and in this investigation, we verify if a neutral household detergent, one of the most common aquatic pollutants, causes changes in the behaviour and personality of guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Thirty milligrams per litre of detergent was added to the water of two aquariums and the behaviour of eight adult guppies were recorded using focal method with instantaneous recording of behaviours every 15 s, for 30 min daily. Results showed that the detergent modified the behaviour and the personality of guppies, making them shier and more inactive. Thus, more efficient disposal techniques should be applied or developed to avoid the pollution of aquatic environments.


Anti-predation Ecotoxicology Fishes Freshwater Pollutants 



The authors would like to thank to R. O. and J. F. for their invaluable suggestions to the first draft of this paper. This study was undertaken whilst J. V. S. R. L. was in receipt of a postgraduate scholarship from Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© ISPA, CRL 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Evolução, Biodiversidade e Meio Ambiente, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e BiológicasUniversidade Federal de Ouro PretoOuro PretoBrazil
  2. 2.Campus Morro do CruzeiroOuro PretoBrazil
  3. 3.University of Salford ManchesterSalfordUK

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