An evaluation of the 1987 French Disabled Workers Act: better paying than hiring
This paper presents the first evaluation of the French Disabled Workers Act of 1987, which aimed to promote the employment of disabled people in the private sector. We use a panel data set, which includes both the health and the labour market histories of workers. We account both for unobserved heterogeneity and for the change in the disabled population over time. We find that the law had a negative impact on the employment of disabled workers in the private sector. This counterproductive effect likely comes from the possibility to pay a fine instead of hiring disabled workers.
KeywordsDisability Employment Policy evaluation Triple difference Matching Weighting
We thank Mathieu Narcy (Cee, Upec), Meriam Barhoumi-Sabraoui (Dares), Emmanuelle Cambois (Ined), Elise Coudin (Crest), Pierre Jean Messe (Gains, LeMans), Sébastien Roux (Banque de France), Valerie Ulrich (Drees) and the participants of the TEPP Conference “Research in Health and Labour Economics”, the 35th JESF conference, the Scientific workshop of CDC, the 63th AFSE Congress, the 4th SOLE/EALE World Meetings (Montreal), the 11th IHEA World Congress (Milan) and the 2nd Annual Conference of the IAAE (Thessaloniki) for their helpful comments. Finally, we thank the anonymous referees for their relevant comments.
- 1.Amira, S.: 2008. La Loi d’Obligation d’Emploi des Travailleurs Handicapés du 10 Juillet 1987: Eléments de Bilan, Premières Synthèses N° 28.1, DaresGoogle Scholar
- 7.Demuinck, G., Le Clainche, C.: Disability and discrimination in access to employment: what the people think about positive discrimination and integration, chap. 5. In: Alonso P, Javier Nunez J, Cantarero D, Pascual M (eds) Essays on economics, disability and employment. Asepelt, Delta Publicaciones, Madrid, 272 pages (2005)Google Scholar
- 8.Duguet, E., Le Clainche, C.: The effect of non-related health events on career outcomes: an evaluation in the French labor market. Rev. d’Econ. Polit. 124(3), 437–465 (2014)Google Scholar
- 14.Jolls, C., Prescott, J.: Disaggregating employment protection: the case of disability discrimination. NBER working paper 10740. National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA (2004)Google Scholar
- 21.OECD: Transforming disability into ability: policies to promote work and income security for disabled people. Technical report. OECD, Paris (2003)Google Scholar
- 24.Thornton, P., Lunt, N.: Employment policies for disabled people in eighteen countries: a review. Social Policy Research Unit, University of York, York (1997)Google Scholar
- 26.Wagner, J., Schnabel, C., Kolling, A.: Threshold values in German labor law and job dynamics in small firms: the case of the disability law. IZA discussion papers 386. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn (2001)Google Scholar