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Modeling methane potential yield and chemical composition of bedded pack barn cattle manure: Influence of cattle, season, growth stage, its retention time and particle distribution

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Abstract

The livestock manure is being recycled using various technologies such as composting, bio-gasification, and solid fuel. The various characteristics of the feedstock are very important to develop biomass recycling technology. However, the information is not enough about livestock manure in South Korea. This study was conducted to investigate the chemical characteristics of bedded pack barn cattle manure according to various conditions. The moisture and total solids contents were shown as 71.8 and 28.5% in the bedded pack barn cattle manure (CM), respectively. As the retention time of beef (BCM) and dairy cattle manure (DCM) in the bedded pack barn increases, the volatile solids content got close to 84.2 ± 2.5% on a dry basis. (P < 0.05). The C/N ratio decreased quadratically until 90 days in the BCM and DCM (P < 0.05). The particle size distribution of 0.25 to < 3.25 mm accounted for 91.9% of the total particles. In the methane yield prediction model, the model with the lignin component showed the greatest correlation coefficient (R2). Comprehensively, the chemical characteristics of the CM based on its retention time and particle size distribution might be useful as the basic data in various biomass recycling techniques.

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Acknowledgment

This work was supported by Korea Institute of Planning and Evaluation for Technology in Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (IPET) through Agri-Bio industry Technology Development Program, funded by Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA) (314010–4).

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Correspondence to Sangrak Lee.

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Choi, Y., Kim, J., Lee, H. et al. Modeling methane potential yield and chemical composition of bedded pack barn cattle manure: Influence of cattle, season, growth stage, its retention time and particle distribution. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-020-00993-9

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Keywords

  • Sawdust
  • Bedded pack barn cattle manure
  • Livestock manure
  • Retention time
  • Particle size