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Combined use of silica fume and steel fibre to improve fracture properties of recycled aggregate concrete exposed to elevated temperature

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Abstract

Converting construction and demolition waste into aggregates for concrete is a promising technology, which can reduce environmental pollution and the consumption of raw materials. The purpose of this research is to investigate the combined effects of steel fibres and silica fume on the fracture behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) exposed to elevated temperature. A total of 90 notched beams were prepared and tested under three-point bending, after heating under elevated temperatures of 200, 400, 600 and 800 °C. Comprehensive studies were conducted to investigate the temperature dependence of failure mode, flexural strength, fracture energy, cracking toughness and fracture toughness. The results show that the solo use of recycled aggregates in concrete has remarkable detrimental effects on its fracture resistance under elevated temperature. The incorporation of steel fibres significantly enhanced the fracture resistance of RAC subjected to elevated temperature. Moreover, the combination of steel fibres and silica fume can further improve the fire resistance of RAC under bending. The incorporation of silica fume nonlinearly increased the fracture properties of steel-fibre RAC exposed to high temperature and 4% silica fume was founded to be an optimal choice. This research provides insights for improving the fracture properties of RAC under elevated temperature.

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Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 11672076), Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation (nos. 2019B151502004 and 2017A030313258), the Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province (no. 2017B020238006), the Science and Technology Project Foundation of Guangzhou (nos. 201704030057, 201807010055 and 201707010364), Key Special Project for Introduced Talents Team of Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou) (GML2019ZD0503) and the support from the Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.

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Correspondence to Jianhe Xie.

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Wang, J., Xie, J., He, J. et al. Combined use of silica fume and steel fibre to improve fracture properties of recycled aggregate concrete exposed to elevated temperature. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-020-00990-y

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Keywords

  • Fracture behaviour
  • Recycled aggregate concrete (RAC)
  • Silica fume
  • High temperature
  • Toughness
  • Steel fibre