Integration of community-based waste bank programs with the municipal solid-waste-management policy in Makassar, Indonesia

  • Rieko KubotaEmail author
  • Masahide Horita
  • Tomohiro Tasaki


Municipal solid-waste management (MSWM) in developing countries has faced common challenges such as no separation at source, complicated collection processes, and open landfills. Previous studies suggested that it is essential that MSWM policy adapts to local contexts and situations in its implementation. In Indonesia, neighborhood associations exist to enhance cooperation among community members. Community-based recycling activities called waste banks (WBs) in Indonesia utilize the functions of neighborhood associations. This study analyzed how local governments supported community-based WB programs and examined the institutional mechanism of the central WB which was established as part of the community-based WB integration to the city’s MSWM policy in Makassar, Indonesia. Through a desk study and semi-structured interviews with key actors in community-based WBs, it was found that the local government’s major intervention was the establishment of a mayor’s regulation to set up a central WB using the municipal budget to facilitate waste transaction between community-based WBs and recyclers. The institutional framework of the central WB and the functions performed by the central WB, such as recyclable waste collection from community-based WBs and market price analysis on recyclable waste, were clarified through this study.


Solid-waste management Community-based recycling Government intervention Institutional framework 



We would like to express our sincere appreciation to all the stakeholders who contributed to the data collection in Makassar. Our appreciation goes out to those from the Indonesian national government, NGOs, neighborhood associations, and the private sector who inspired us to continue this research. Field surveys were strongly supported by staff members of Yayasan Peduli Neguri and Mr. Iman Utomo in the field of waste management. Last but not least, this research is partially financially supported by the Center for Material Cycles and Waste Management of the National Institute for Environmental Studies in Japan and was also partly supported by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund of the Japan Environmental Restoration and Conservation Agency (Project ID: S-16).


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of International Studies, Graduate School of Frontier SciencesThe University of TokyoKashiwa-shiJapan
  2. 2.Center for Material Cycles and Waste Management ResearchNational Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukuba-shiJapan

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