The effects of using cathode ray tube (CRT) glass as coarse aggregates in high-strength concrete subjected to high temperature

  • N. N. M. PauziEmail author
  • M. Jamil
  • R. Hamid
  • A. Z. Abdin
  • M. F. M. ZainEmail author


Waste cathode ray tube glass has been formed into two different products which are spherical glass (GS) and crushed glass (GC). Since it is a new material that acts as a coarse aggregate in concrete production, the architectural and civil structures built with such concretes may face a risk of fire situations. Thus, it is important to analyze the behavior of concrete containing GS and GC after exposure to high temperatures. A series of experimental programs were conducted on mixtures of concrete containing GS and GC as coarse aggregates, which were subjected to high temperatures ranging from ambient temperature to 800 °C at exposure time of 1 and 2 h. Compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, mass loss, and X-ray diffraction were analyzed. Results show better compressive strength in concrete containing GS at temperature 200–600 °C. However, the use of GS affects the splitting tensile strength more negatively, compared to GC. But, at a temperature beyond 600 °C, the use of GC causing bubbles of glass appeared on the surface of concrete and toxic Pb was found in the crushed concrete paste.


Cathode ray tube glass Spherical shape Coarse aggregate High temperature Compressive strength XRD 



The authors express gratitude to the National University of Malaysia for giving financial support of research Grant scheme (AP-2015-002). Besides, the authors are also thankful to the Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment and Center for Management Research and Instrumentation (CRIM) of National University of Malaysia for providing laboratory facilities for this work. The important materials used in this study that is GS and GC was provided by Nippon Electric Glass (NEG), Malaysia, is greatly appreciated.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Smart and Sustainable Township Research Centre (SUTRA), Faculty of Engineering and Built EnvironmentUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)BangiMalaysia
  2. 2.Centre for Innovative Architecture and Built Environment (SErAMBI)Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)BangiMalaysia
  3. 3.Nippon Electric Glass (Malaysia) Sdn BhdShah AlamMalaysia

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