Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 156–165 | Cite as

A study on recovery of alumina grains from spent vitrified grinding wheel

  • P. SabarinathanEmail author
  • V. E. Annamalai
  • S. Suresh Kumar
  • A. Xavier Kennedy


About one-third of a grinding wheel is required for clamping. This portion remains unusable after the grinding wheel is consumed. However, this portion has virgin abrasives which can be used for grinding. The challenge is to recover the grains from the spent wheel, segregate the grain from the bond and to take stock of the property changes that might have happened during vitrification. If these can be done effectively, then the grain, initially declared as waste, can be used for re-manufacturing of grinding wheels. This paper describes methods to regenerate the grains from spent vitrified grinding wheels and indicates how the property can be characterized for reusability of the recovered grits. Chemical separation method was employed to remove the bond from the grinding wheel. A modified ball milling method is proposed to overcome the normal issue of agglomerates faced in recovered grits. Scanning electron microscope images of standard and recovered grains show the presence of sharp edges. So, these recovered grains could be reused for making grinding wheels. Results indicate that the so-called waste grains are tougher and can be used as value-added material in resinoid and coated abrasives.


Alumina Abrasive Vitrified grinding wheel Recovery Reuse 



This project was funded by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, under the Technology Systems Development Programme (TSDP) for Waste management [Grant number DST/TSG/WM/2015/567/G].


  1. 1.
    Terazono A, Murakami S, Abe N, Inanc B, Moriguchi Y, Sakai SI, Wong MH (2006) Current status and research on E-waste issues in Asia. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 8(1):1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Abdelkader A, Osman AI, Halawy SA, Mohamed MA (2018) Preparation and characterization of mesoporous γ-Al 2 O 3 recovered from aluminium cans waste and its use in the dehydration of methanol to dimethyl ether. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag. 1–9Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lee WH, Hsu CW, Ding YC, Cheng TW (2018) A study on recovery of SiC from silicon wafer cutting slurry. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 20(1):375–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Liu L, Liang Y, Song Q, Li J (2017) A review of waste prevention through 3R under the concept of circular economy in China. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 19(4):1314–1323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Doi T, Uhlmann E, Marinescu ID (eds) (2015) Handbook of ceramics grinding and polishing. William AndrewGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Berkun M, Aras E, Anılan T (2011) Solid waste management practices in Turkey. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 13(4):305–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Biao ZH, Tianyu YU, Wenfeng DI, Xianying LI (2017) Effects of pore structure and distribution on strength of porous Cu-Sn-Ti alumina composites. Chin J Aeronaut 30(6):2004–2015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ding W, Dai C, Yu T, Xu J, Fu Y (2017) Grinding performance of textured monolayer CBN wheels: undeformed chip thickness nonuniformity modeling and ground surface topography prediction. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 122:66–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liu C, Ding W, Yu T, Yang C (2018) Materials removal mechanism in high-speed grinding of particulate reinforced titanium matrix composites. Prec Eng 51:68–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dai C, Ding W, Xu J, Fu Y, Yu T (2017) Influence of grain wear on material removal behavior during grinding nickel-based superalloy with a single diamond grain. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 113:49–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xi X, Ding W, Fu Y, Xu J (2018) Grindability evaluation and tool wear during grinding of Ti2AlNb intermetallics. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 94(1–4):1441–1450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ding W, Zhang L, Li Z, Zhu Y, Su H, Xu J (2017) Review on grinding-induced residual stresses in metallic materials. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 88(9–12):2939–2968CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Andreola F, Barbieri L, Lancellotti I, Bignozzi MC, Sandrolini F (2010) New blended cement from polishing and glazing ceramic sludge. Int J Appl Ceram Tec 7(4):546–555Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Babu MK, Chetty OK (2003) A study on recycling of abrasives in abrasive water jet machining. Wear 254(7):763–773CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Akcil A, Vegliò F, Ferella F, Okudan MD, Tuncuk A (2015) A review of metal recovery from spent petroleum catalysts and ash. Waste Manage 45:420–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sun ZH, Xiao Y, Sietsma J, Agterhuis H, Yang Y (2016) Complex electronic waste treatment–An effective process to selectively recover copper with solutions containing different ammonium salts. Waste Manage 57:140–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bernal SA, Rodríguez ED, Kirchheim AP, Provis JL (2016) Management and valorisation of wastes through use in producing alkali-activated cement materials. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 91(9):2365–2388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Trischuk RW, Garg AK, Khaund AK (1996) U.S. Patent No. 5,578,222. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tuncuk A, Ciftlik S, Akcil A (2013) Factorial experiments for iron removal from kaolin by using single and two-step leaching with sulfuric acid. Hydrometallurgy 134:80–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Chandrasekhar S, Ramaswamy S (2006) Iron minerals and their influence on the optical properties of two Indian kaolins. Appl Clay Sci 33(3):269–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dermont G, Bergeron M, Mercier G, Richer-Lafleche M (2008) Soil washing for metal removal: a review of physical/chemical technologies and field applications. J Hazard Mater 152(1):1–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Borra CR, Pontikes Y, Binnemans K, Van Gerven T (2015) Leaching of rare earths from bauxite residue (red mud). Miner Eng 76:20–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Li N, Zeng FB, Li J, Zhang Q, Feng Y, Liu P (2016) Kinetic mechanics of the reactions between HCl/HF acid mixtures and sandstone minerals. J Nat Gas Sci Eng 34:792–802CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rosales GD, del Carmen Ruiz M, Rodriguez MH (2014) Novel process for the extraction of lithium from β-spodumene by leaching with HF. Hydrometallurgy 147:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Nadolny K (2014) State of the art in production, properties and applications of the microcrystalline sintered corundum abrasive grains. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 74(9–12):1445–1457CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Sabarinathan
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. E. Annamalai
    • 1
  • S. Suresh Kumar
    • 1
  • A. Xavier Kennedy
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSSN College of EngineeringChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Research and DevelopmentCarborundum Universal LtdChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations