Relationship between serum inorganic phosphorus levels and cognitive decline over 2 years in older adults with pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease

  • Yuhei OtobeEmail author
  • Koji Hiraki
  • Kazuhiro P. Izawa
  • Tsutomu Sakurada
  • Yugo Shibagaki
Letter to the editor


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared that no conflict of interest exists.

Human and animal rights

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee at which the studies were conducted (IRB approval number 2691), and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Nephrology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineKawasaki Municipal Tama HospitalKawasakiJapan
  2. 2.Rehabilitation CenterSt. Marianna University School of Medicine HospitalKawasakiJapan
  3. 3.Graduate School of Health SciencesKobe UniversityKobeJapan
  4. 4.Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal MedicineSt. Marianna University School of MedicineKawasakiJapan

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