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The reverse leak test for the assessment of low coloanal anastomosis: technical note

  • S. H. Emile
  • S. D. WexnerEmail author
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Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical approval

For this type of study ethical approval is not required.

Informed consent

For this type of study formal consent is not required.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Colorectal Surgery Unit, Department of General Surgery, Mansoura Faculty of MedicineMansoura UniversityMansouraEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Colorectal SurgeryCleveland Clinic FloridaWestonUSA

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