Transperineal abdominoperineal resection synchronously assisted by laparoscopic approach for low rectal cancer directly invading the posterior wall of the vagina
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained for the surgical procedure prior to their participation.
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