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Intradural “limited drill” technique of anterior clinoidectomy and optic canal unroofing for microneurosurgical management of ophthalmic segment and PCOM aneurysms—review of surgical results

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Abstract

To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intradural “limited drill” technique (ILDT) of anterior clinoidectomy (AC) and optic canal unroofing (OCU) for microneurosurgical management of ophthalmic segment and posterior communicating artery (PCOM) aneurysms. All the patients with ophthalmic segment and PCOM aneurysms who underwent AC and OCU by ILDT for microneurosurgical management of ophthalmic segment and PCOM aneurysms during 4-year period (2013–2016) at our Institute were included in this study. In ILDT of AC and OCU, the use of power drill is restricted to AC only and OCU is done exclusively with 1-mm Kerrison punch. AC and OCU by ILDT were done in 24 patients with 29 ophthalmic segment and 7 PCOM aneurysms. AC and OCU by ILDT helped in mobilization of optic nerve/internal carotid artery (ICA) and provided excellent exposure for all these aneurysms. There was no injury to ICA or optic nerve during drilling. AC and OCU facilitated clip ligation of 34 of these aneurysms. Remaining 2 aneurysms were considered not suitable for clipping. Check angiogram done for 33 aneurysms revealed complete obliteration of 26 aneurysms, very small residual neck in 5 aneurysms, and small residual aneurysm in 2 aneurysms. Deterioration in vision was noted in 1 patient (4.1%). In 6 patients with preoperative visual deficits, significant improvement in vision was noted in 4 patients (4/6–66.6%) after surgery. Good outcome (MRS < 2) was noted in 91.6% (22/24) of these patients. ILDT is a safe and effective technique of AC and OCU which provide good exposure for ophthalmic segment and PCOM aneurysms.

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Correspondence to Narayanam Anantha Sai Kiran.

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Approval of Ethical committee of the Institute was taken for this study.

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Written informed consent was taken from all the patients.

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Sai Kiran, N.A., Sivaraju, L., Vidyasagar, K. et al. Intradural “limited drill” technique of anterior clinoidectomy and optic canal unroofing for microneurosurgical management of ophthalmic segment and PCOM aneurysms—review of surgical results. Neurosurg Rev (2018) doi:10.1007/s10143-018-1054-x

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Keywords

  • Anterior clinoidectomy
  • Carotid ophthalmic aneurysms
  • Ophthalmic segment aneurysms
  • Optic canal unroofing
  • Paraclinoid aneurysms
  • PCOM aneurysms
  • Power drill