Identification of Fusarium graminearum-responsive miRNAs and their targets in wheat by sRNA sequencing and degradome analysis

  • Xiaojie JinEmail author
  • Linlin Jia
  • Yongxia Wang
  • Baoquan Li
  • Dongfa SunEmail author
  • Xueyan Chen
Original Article


Fusarium head blight (FHB), a prevalent disease of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) caused by Fusarium graminearum, leads to considerable losses of yield and quality in wheat production. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of plant defense responses. Here, to better understand the F. graminearum-responsive miRNAs, we constructed sRNA libraries for wheat cultivar Sumai 3 challenged with F. graminearum and sterile water, respectively. As a result, a total of 203 known miRNAs from 46 families and 68 novel miRNAs were identified. Among them, 18 known and six novel miRNAs were found to be differentially expressed between the F. graminearum-infected samples and the controls and thus were considered to be responsive to F. graminearum. The expression patterns of eight miRNAs were further validated by stem-loop qRT-PCR. Meanwhile, target genes were validated by degradome sequencing. Integrative analysis of the differentially expressed miRNAs and their targets revealed complex miRNA-mediated regulatory networks involved in the response of wheat to F. graminearum infection. Our findings are expected to facilitate a better understanding of the miRNA regulation in wheat-F. graminearum interaction.


Wheat Fusarium graminearum MicroRNA Wheat-F. graminearum interaction 


Funding information

This research was financially supported by the Independent Innovation Foundation of Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences (2017ZC73) and the Programs for Science and Technology Development of Henan Province (182102110439).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Crop Designing CentreHenan Academy of Agricultural SciencesZhengzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Plant Science and TechnologyHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanChina
  3. 3.Biotechnology Research CentreShandong Academy of Agricultural SciencesJinanChina

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