Emergency Radiology

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 501–506 | Cite as

Bronchial arterial embolization using a gelatin sponge for hemoptysis from pulmonary aspergilloma: comparison with other pulmonary diseases

  • Masashi ShimohiraEmail author
  • Kengo Ohta
  • Keiichi Nagai
  • Yusuke Sawada
  • Masahiro Nakashima
  • Hiroyuki Maki
  • Yuya Bando
  • Yuta Shibamoto
Original Article



To evaluate the clinical outcomes of bronchial artery embolization (BAE) using a gelatin sponge for hemoptysis from pulmonary aspergilloma and compare them with treatment outcomes for hemoptysis from other diseases.


Fifty-two patients underwent BAE using a gelatin sponge. The etiology of hemoptysis was pulmonary aspergilloma in 8 (PA group) and other diseases in 44 (control group). The technical success rate, clinical success rate, hemoptysis-free rate, and complication rate were compared between the PA group and control group. Technical success was defined as the complete cessation of the targeted feeding artery as confirmed by digital subtraction angiography, and clinical success as the cessation of hemoptysis within 24 h of BAE. Recurrent hemoptysis was defined as a single or multiple episodes of hemoptysis causing > 30 ml of bleeding per day.


Technical and clinical success rates were 100% in both groups. Hemoptysis-free rates were 85% at 6 months and 72% at 12–60 months in the control group, and 38% at 6–12 months and 25% thereafter in the PA group (P = 0.0009). No complications were observed following BAE in any case in the two groups.


BAE using a gelatin sponge may not be effective for hemoptysis from pulmonary aspergilloma.


Bronchial artery embolization Gelatin sponge Hemoptysis Pulmonary aspergilloma 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This retrospective study was approved by the Institutional Review Board.

Statement of informed consent

Written informed consent for the procedure was obtained from each patient.


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Copyright information

© American Society of Emergency Radiology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masashi Shimohira
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kengo Ohta
    • 1
  • Keiichi Nagai
    • 1
  • Yusuke Sawada
    • 1
  • Masahiro Nakashima
    • 1
  • Hiroyuki Maki
    • 1
  • Yuya Bando
    • 1
  • Yuta Shibamoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyNagoya City University Graduate School of Medical SciencesNagoyaJapan

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