Sonographic assessment of musculoskeletal causes of calf pain and swelling
Calf pain or swelling is a common presentation to the emergency department. The differential diagnoses are wide. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is often the first diagnosis to be excluded given its potentially fatal complications. Musculoskeletal causes of calf pain or swelling such as Baker’s cyst, muscle or tendon tear, soft tissue infection, and inflammation are not uncommon and can often be confidently diagnosed with ultrasonography (US). Familiarity with these conditions and the sonographic findings would be useful in making timely and correct diagnosis.
KeywordsAchilles tendon Baker’s cyst Cellulitis Myositis Ultrasonography
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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