Transmission of leishmaniasis from human to other vertebrates: a rapid zooanthroponotic evolution

  • Awanish KumarEmail author


Research regarding zoonotic diseases often focuses on those diseases that are transferred from animals to humans. However, humans are also transmitting pathogens to animals but research on this topic is not given priority and importance. I have tried to draw the attention of researchers to this area also which is equally important. The aim of this letter was to provide a brief overview of published literature regarding reverse zoonoses or zooanthroponosis in the field of leishmaniasis and highlight the need for future work in this area. Scientific research must be conducted in the field of reverse zoonoses to provide an enriched understanding of emerging disease threats to animals and should not be neglected.


Leishmaniasis Transmission Zooanthroponotic evolution Human Vertebrate 



The author thanks National Institute of Technology, Raipur (CG), India, for the continuous support and assistance during the course of research work and scientific writing.

Compliance with ethical standards

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals.

Conflict of interest

The author declares that there is no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyNational Institute of Technology RaipurRaipurIndia

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