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International Microbiology

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 49–58 | Cite as

Cyanobacterial extract-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their application in ammonia sensing

  • Anuj Kumar Tomer
  • Tanveer Rahi
  • Deepesh Kumar Neelam
  • Pawan K DadheechEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Green route for silver nanoparticle synthesis has gained increasing attention. Cyanobacteria are one of the promising organisms to produce a number of secondary metabolites that are capable of reducing silver ions to small-sized silver nanoparticles. In the present study, we employed an aqueous extract of the cyanobacterium Haloleptolyngbya alcalis KR2005/106 isolated from a soda lake for biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The extract acted as a reducing agent for AgNPs synthesis and resulted formation of nanoparticles < 50 nm in size. In this study, synthesis of AgNPs obtained only in the sample exposed to photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) while the synthesis of AgNPs was not observed in the samples kept in dark. The biogenic fabrication of AgNPs was carried out by optimizing several governing parameters such as concentration of the silver nitrate solution, pH, temperature, and amount of biomass. Results obtained through different analytical techniques revealed that cyanobacterial taxon H. alcalis isolated from saline-alkaline habitat is a potential candidate for biosynthesis of optimum-sized spherical AgNPs. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) property of AgNPs was exploited for aqueous ammonia sensing and revealed that AgNPs synthesized using aqueous extract of cyanobacterium H. alcalis could be employed for colorimetric detection of dissolved ammonia for monitoring quality of water.

Keywords

Cyanobacteria Haloleptolyngbya Silver nanoparticle Biosynthesis Ammonia sensing 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are thankful to the Department of Microbiology, Central University of Rajasthan for providing necessary facilities.

Funding information

This work was financially supported by Department of Science and Technology, Rajasthan (P.7(3) DST/BT R&D/EAC/2018/3158).

Compliance with ethical standards

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anuj Kumar Tomer
    • 1
  • Tanveer Rahi
    • 1
  • Deepesh Kumar Neelam
    • 1
  • Pawan K Dadheech
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, School of Life SciencesCentral University of RajasthanAjmerIndia

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