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Tailoring the Properties of Diels-Alder Reaction Crosslinked High-performance Thermosets by Different Bismaleimides

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Abstract

A series of Diels-Alder reaction cross-linked thermosets with recyclability and healability were prepared from furan-containing aromatic polyamide and bismaleimides with different chemical structures. The structures of synthesized bismaleimides were confirmed by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectroscopy; their reversible cross-linking with the furanic polyamide was further detected by 1H-NMR technique and sol-gel transition behavior. The dynamic mechanical analysis and tensile test revealed the variable thermal and mechanical properties of thermosets cross-linked by different bismaleimides and with different molar ratios of maleimide group to furan group (Ima/fur). The tensile test also demonstrated that the better recyclability and solvent-assisted healability of thermosets cross-linked could be achieved by more flexible bismaleimides. This work is expected to provide valuable information for design of recyclable and healable high-performance thermosets with desired properties.

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Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51473031), the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (No. 17ZR1401100), and the doctoral innovation foundation (No. CUSF-DH-D-2017037).

Author information

Correspondence to Yan Wang or Zu-Ming Hu.

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Luo, K., Huang, L., Wang, Y. et al. Tailoring the Properties of Diels-Alder Reaction Crosslinked High-performance Thermosets by Different Bismaleimides. Chin J Polym Sci 38, 268–277 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10118-019-2328-7

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Keywords

  • Recyclability
  • Reparability
  • Thermosets
  • Diels-Alder reaction