Advertisement

Chinese Journal of Polymer Science

, Volume 37, Issue 7, pp 633–636 | Cite as

Ultrafast Form II to I Transition of Isotactic Polybutene-1

  • Xing Qiu
  • Umair Azhar
  • Jing-Qing Li
  • Ding-Hai Huang
  • Shi-Chun JiangEmail author
Rapid Communication
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

Isotactic polybutene-1 (iPB-1) is a semi-crystalline polymer with polymorph and puzzled structural transitions. The stable form I of iPB-1 with excellent physical and mechanical properties can hardly be obtained directly from the melt.; instead, metastable form II will spontaneously and slowly transform into form I. Bypassing the unstable form II formation is of great significance in polymer processing, which inspires extensive research on seeking the pathways to direct formation of form I. Methods for accelerating form II to I transition are another main focus in terms of practical approach for directly obtaining form I. Taking advantage of the solvent, an ultrafast transition of iPB-1 from form II to I within minutes has been achieved at room temperature. Such an ultrafast transition is detected after treating with dichloromethane (DCM) at 30 °C, though the framework of isothermally crystalized iPB-1 spherulite morphology could not be fully modified. The ultrafast II-I transition of iPB-1 is attributed to the solvent-induced packed-mesophase and temperature-selected chain conformation adjustment.This ultrafast transition would shed light on understanding the mechanisms of polymorphic transitions in iPB-1.

Keywords

Polybutene-1 Ultrafast transition Mesophase Conformation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51673147, 51573131, and 21374077).

Supplementary material

10118_2019_2273_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (160 kb)
Ultrafast Form II to I Transition of Isotactic Polybutene-1

References

  1. 1.
    Lotz, B. What can polymer crystal structure tell about polymer crystallization processes? Eur. Phys. J. E 2000, 3, 185–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Xin, R.; Zhang, J.; Sun, X.; Li, H.; Ren, Z.; Yan, S. Polymorphic behavior and phase transition of poly(1-butene) and its copolymers. Polymers 2018,10, 556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Marigo, A.; Marega, C.; Cecchin, G.; Collina, G.; Ferrara, G. Phase transition II→I in isotactic poly-1-butene: Wide- and small-angle X-ray scattering measurements. Eur. Polym. J. 2000, 36, 131–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Luciani, L.; Seppälä, J.; Löfgren, B. Poly-1-butene: Its preparation, properties and challenges. Prog. Polym. Sci. 1988, 13, 37–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Qiao, Y.; Men, Y. Intercrystalline links determined kinetics of form II to I polymorphic transition in polybutene-1. Macro-molecules 2017, 50, 5490–5497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Romanos, N. A.; Theodorou, D. N. Melting point and solid-liquid coexistence properties of α1 isotactic polypropylene as functions of its molar mass: A molecular dynamics study. Mac-romolecules 2016, 49, 4663–4673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang, G.; Zhai, X.; Ma, Z.; Jin, L.; Ping, Z.; Wei, W.; Cheng, S. Z. D.; Lotz, B. Morphology diagram of single-layer crystal patterns in supercooled poly(ethylene oxide) ultrathin films: Understanding macromolecular effect of crystal pattern formation and selection. ACS Macro Lett. 2012,1, 217–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tosaka, M.; Kamijo, T.; Tsuji, M.; Kohjiya, S.; Ogawa, T.; Isoda, S.; Kobayashi, T. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy of crystal transformation in solution-grown lamellae of isotactic polybutene-1. Macromolecules 2000, 33, 9666–9672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Alfonso, G. C.; Azzurri, F.; Castellano, M. Analysis of calorimetric curves detected during the polymorphic transformation of isotactic polybutene-1. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 2001, 66, 197–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nakafuku, C.; Miyaki, T. Effect of pressure on the melting and crystallization behaviour of isotactic polybutene-1. Polymer 1983, 24, 141–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    He, L.; Wang, B.; Yang, F.; Li, Y.; Ma, Z. Featured crystallization polymorphism and memory effect in novel butene-1/1,5-hexadiene copolymers synthesized by post-metallocene hafnium catalyst. Macromolecules 2016, 49, 6578–6589.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Li, L.; Liu, T.; Zhao, L.; Yuan, W. K. CO2-induced crystal phase transition from form II to I in isotactic polyl-butene. Macromolecules 2009, 42, 2286–2290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cavallo, D.; Kanters, M. J. W.; Caelers, H. J. M.; Portale, G.; Govaert, L. E. Kinetics of the polymorphic transition in isotactic poly(1-butene) under uniaxial extension new insights from designed mechanical histories. Macromolecules 2014, 47, 3033–3040.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jones, A. T. Cocrystallization in copolymers of α-olefins II-Butene-1 copolymers and polybutene type II/I crystal phase transition. Polymer 1966, 7, 23–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shao, H. F.; Ma, Y. P.; Nie, H. R.; He, A. H. Solvent vapor annealing induced polymorphic transformation of polybutene-1. Chinese J. Polym. Sci. 2016, 34, 1141–1149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Qiao, Y.; Wang, Q.; Men, Y. Kinetics of nucleation and growth of form II to I polymorphic transition in polybutene-1 as revealed by stepwise annealing. Macromolecules 2016, 49, 5126–5136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hsu, T. C.; Geil, P. H. Deformation and stress-induced transformation of polybutene-1. J. Macromol. Sci. B 1989, 28, 69–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Maruyama, M.; Sakamoto, Y.; Nozaki, K.; Yamamoto, T.; Kajioka, H.; Toda, A.; Yamada, K. Kinetic study of the II-I phase transition of isotactic polybutene-1. Polymer 2010, 51, 5532–5538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gohil, R. M.; Miles, M. J.; Petermann, J. On the molecular mechanism of the crystal transformation (tetragonal-hexagonal) in polybutene-1. J. Macromol. Sci. B 1982, 21,189-201.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kopp, S.; Wittmann, J. C.; Lotz, B. Phase II to phase I crystal transformation in polybutene-1 single crystals: A reinvestigation. J. Mater. Sci. 1994, 29, 6159–6166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chvatalova, L.; Benicek, L.; Berkova, K.; Cermak, R.; Obadal, M.; Verney, V.; Commereuc, S. Effect of annealing temperature on phase composition and tensile properties in isotactic poly(1-butene). J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2012, 124, 3407–3412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Su, F.; Li, X.; Zhou, W.; Chen, W.; Li, H.; Cong, Y.; Hong, Z.; Qi, Z.; Li, L. Accelerating crystal-crystal transition in poly(l-butene) with two-step crystallization: An in situ microscopic infrared imaging and microbeam X-ray diffraction study. Polymer 2013, 4, 3408–3416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Luongo, J. P.; Salovey, R. Infrared characterization of polymorphism in polybutene-1. J. Polym. Sci., PartB: Polym. Phys. 1966, 4, 997–1008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Qiao, Y.; Hai, W.; Men, Y. Retardance of form II to form I transition in polybutene-1 at late stage: A proposal of a new mechanism. Macromolecules 2018, 51, 2232–2239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tashiro, K.; Hu, J.; Wang, H.; Hanesaka, M.; Saiani, A. Refinement of the crystal structures of forms I and II of isotactic polybutene-1 and a proposal of phase transition mechanism between them. Macromolecules 2016, 49, 1392–1404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wang, Z. G.. 50th Anniversary perspective: Polymer conformation-A pedagogical review. Macromolecules 2017, 50, 9073–9114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hu, C.; Li, J.; Huang, S.; Li, H.; Luo, C.; Chen, J.; Jiang, S.; An, L. Conformation directed mpemba effect on polylactide crystallization. Cryst. Growth Des. 2018, 18, 5757–5762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Li, J.; Wang, D.; Cai, X.; Zhou, C.; Christiansen, J. D.; Sørensen, T.; Yu, D.; Xue, M.; Jiang, S. Conformation selected direct formation of form I in isotactic poly(butene-1). Cryst. Growth Des. 2018, 18, 2525–2537.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Amir, H. A.; Mchael, E.; Keys, A. S.; Xiaoyu, Z.; Petschek, R. G.; Peter, P. M.; Glotzer, S. C. Disordered, quasicrystalline and crystalline phases of densely packed tetrahedra. Nature 2012, 462, 773–777.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese Chemical Society Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xing Qiu
    • 1
  • Umair Azhar
    • 1
  • Jing-Qing Li
    • 1
  • Ding-Hai Huang
    • 1
  • Shi-Chun Jiang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringTianjin UniversityTianjinChina

Personalised recommendations