Preparation of Three Dimensional Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles/Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Blend Membranes with Excellent Dye Removal Efficiency and Investigation of Adsorption Mechanism

  • Jian-Hua LiEmail author
  • Hui Zheng
  • Hua-Xiang Lin
  • Bo-Xin Zhang
  • Jia-Bin Wang
  • Tong-Lei Li
  • Qi-Qing Zhang


In this work, poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membranes with hydrophilicity as well as preeminent mechanical strength and dye removal efficiency were fabricated by blending with three dimensional hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (HAPNPs). Surface chemical composition and morphology of the prepared membranes were systematically investigated by ATR-FTIR, XPS, XRD, FESEM, and EDS mapping analyses. The results verified that a large number of HAPNPs were successfully embedded on the modified membrane cross-sections. Moreover, HAPNPs content in the casting solution is an important factor that could have profound influence on the structures and performances of PVDF/HAPNPs blend membranes. The optimal membrane M2 with 2 wt% HAPNPs exhibited excellent hydrophilicity, outstanding mechanical strength of 19.60 MPa, and high water flux of (2466 ± 31) Lm−2h−1. The maximum static adsorption capacity of the optimal membrane was about 10.83 mg/g, which is 3.75 times that of the pristine PVDF membrane (2.89 mg/g). PVDF/HAPNPs membranes were not only utilized for static adsorption, but also applied to dynamic dye removal. The possible adsorption mechanism between Congo red (CR) and HAPNPs embedded on the blend membranes was firstly discussed in this work. HAPNPs interacted with CR via Lewis reaction, hydrogen bond interaction, as well as electrostatic attraction to achieve the adsorption effect. Herein, the PVDF/HAPNPs blend membranes with extraordinary hydrophilicity, mechanical strength, and dye removal efficiency possess tremendous potential for practical applications of wastewater treatment.


Three dimensional hydroxyapatite nanoparticles PVDF/HAPNPs blend membranes Mechanical strength Dynamic dye removal Adsorption mechanism 


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This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51303028, 31771893, and 31401609) and the Open Project Program of the State Key Laboratory of Photocatalysis on Energy and Environment, Fuzhou University (No. SKLPEE-KF201720).


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Copyright information

© Chinese Chemical Society Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jian-Hua Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hui Zheng
    • 1
  • Hua-Xiang Lin
    • 2
  • Bo-Xin Zhang
    • 1
  • Jia-Bin Wang
    • 1
  • Tong-Lei Li
    • 3
  • Qi-Qing Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical TechnologyFuzhou UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Photocatalysis on Energy and EnvironmentFuzhou UniversityFuzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of Industrial and Physical PharmacyPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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