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Neodymium-catalyzed Polymerization of C5 Fraction: Efficient Synthesis of 1,3-Pentadiene-isoprene Copolymer Rubbers

  • Jin-Yan Hou
  • Fang GuoEmail author
  • Qian Hu
  • Yang Li
  • Zhao-Min Hou
Article
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Abstract

The polymerization of C5 fraction without separation and concentration by using a commercial available Nd(P204)3/ AliBu3/AlEt2Cl has afforded for the first time a new kind of 1,3-pentadiene-isoprene random copolymers as rubber materials. Isoprene (IP) and E-1,3-pentadiene (EPD) acted as polymerization monomers, cyclopentadiene acted as poison, and other substances like alkanes, monoolefins, Z-1,3-pentadiene acted as solvents in this multicomponent C5 fraction polymerization system. The data of kinetic experiments, NMR, and DSC indicated that the polymerization of C5 fraction by Nd(P204)3/AliBu3/AlEt2Cl afforded the IP-EPD random copolymers. By controlling polymerization conditions such as [Al]/[Nd]/[Cl] molar ratio and polymerization temperature, the random EPD-IP copolymers containing high cis-1,4-poly(IP) (with selectivity 96%) and moderate cis-1,4-poly(EPD) (with selectivity 60%) units with a low glass transition temperature (about −60 °C), controllable molecular weight (Mn = 3.8 × 104‒14.3 × 104), and moderate molecular weight distribution (Mw/Mn = 2.17‒2.78) were obtained in a high yield.

Keywords

C5 fraction Neodymium Isoprene 1,3-Pentadiene Copolymerization 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21674016).

Supplementary material

10118_2019_2244_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.2 mb)
Neodymium-catalyzed Polymerization of C5 Fraction: Efficient Synthesis of 1,3-Pentadiene-isoprene Copolymer Rubbers

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Copyright information

© Chinese Chemical Society Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jin-Yan Hou
    • 1
  • Fang Guo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Qian Hu
    • 2
  • Yang Li
    • 1
  • Zhao-Min Hou
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Department of Polymer Science and EngineeringSchool of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  2. 2.Fushun Yikesi New Material Co., Ltd.FushunChina
  3. 3.Advanced Catalysis Research Group, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource ScienceSaitamaJapan

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