Geminal Cross Coupling (GCC) Reaction for AIE Materials

  • Qi Yu
  • Ya-Long Wang
  • Ze-Qiang Chen
  • Peng-Ju Zhao
  • Cheng Fan
  • Chong LiEmail author
  • Ming-Qiang ZhuEmail author


Tetraphenylethylene (TPE) derivatives are typical aggregation-induced emission (AIE) molecules, which have been widely investigated and applicated. The Rathore’s procedures and McMurry reaction are the two frequently used methods for synthesizing the TPE derivatives. The complex processes and low tolerance of active function groups make the TPE with limited structures and properties in some degree. Very recently, a novel strategy, named geminal cross coupling (GCC) reaction, is developed for designing and synthesizing various topological small molecules and polymers with rich optical properties beyond simple TPE compounds, and becomes a powerful synthesis method to AIE materials. This review overviews the current progresses of AIE molecules and polymers prepared by GCC as well as their applications. We believe that GCC reaction will have a bright future in the development of the next generation of tetraarylethylene (TAE)-kind AIE materials.


GCC reaction AIE Tetraarylethylene Conjugated polymer Imaging 


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This work was financially supported by the National Basic Research Program (973) of China (Nos. 2015CB755602 and 2013CB922 104), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51673077, 21474034, and 51603078), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (HUST: 2016YXMS029 and HUST: 2018KFYXKJC033), and the Nature Science Foundation of Hubei Province (No. 2018CFB574). We also thank the Analytical and Testing Center of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, the Center of Micro-Fabrication and Characterization (CMFC) and the Center for Nanoscale Characterization & Devices (CNCD) of WNLO for use of their facilities.


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© Chinese Chemical Society, Institute of Chemistry (CAS) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, School of Optical and Electronic InformationHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

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