A spatially explicit reconstruction of cropland based on expansion of polders in the Dongting Plain in China during 1750–1985 Original Article First Online: 04 November 2019 Abstract
Global historical cropland datasets allocate cropland areas into grids above on the assumption that land suitable for crops is similar to that in the present or changeless over time. However, land suitability has changed over time. The Dongting Plain, which is full of polders, is characterized by changing land suitability for crops over the past 300 years and provides a case study of the impact of changing land suitability on spatially explicit reconstructions. Here, cropland areas were reconstructed at the county level and allocated into grids at 0.5′ × 0.5′. This allocation was based on the expansion of polders, which indicated land suitable for crops. The results showed the following: (1) The land suitable for crops constituted 68.24% of the total area in 1750 and it expanded after 1850, which in 1911, 1949, and 1985 was 1.10, 1.18, and 1.25 times that of 1750, respectively. (2) The regional cropland area fraction was 21.60% in 1750 and it increased after 1850, which in 1911, 1949, and 1985 was 127.21%, 140.27%, and 156.03% that of 1750. (3) The grids with cropland fractions increased due to polder development by more than 30% in the middle of the region from 1750 to 1985, occupying 32.16% of the total grids. (4) Changes in the land suitability for crops impacted the spatially explicit reconstruction. The grids unsuitable for crops were 78, 46, and 28 in 1850, 1911, and 1949 at 0.5′ × 0.5′, which constituted 19.21%, 11.33%, and 6.90% of the total grids, respectively. In comparison with this study, some of the grids unsuitable for crops were allocated as cropland by HYDE 3.2 and covered 93.59%, 89.13%, and 82.14% of the total unsuitable girds.
Keywords Historical cropland change Spatially explicit reconstruction Land suitability for crops Wetland Polder Dongting Plain in Hunan
Communicated by Jasper van Vliet
Notes Funding information
This work was supported by grants from the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFA0603304).
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Auerbach LW, Goodbred SL Jr, Mondal DR, Wilson CA, Ahmed KR, Roy K, Steckler MS, Small C, Gilligan JM, Ackerly BA (2015) Flood risk of natural and embanked landscapes on the Ganges-Brahmaputra tidal delta plain. Nat Clim Chang 5:153–157.
https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2472 CrossRef Google Scholar
Bakker MM, Govers G, Kosmas C, Vanacker V, Van Oost K, Rounsevell M (2005) Soil erosion as a driver of land-use change. Agric Ecosyst Environ 105:467–481.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2004.07.009 CrossRef Google Scholar
Bao J, Gao S, Ge J (2019) Dynamic land use and its policy in response to environmental and social-economic changes in China: a case study of the Jiangsu coast (1750–2015). Land Use Policy 82:169–180.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.12.008 CrossRef Google Scholar
Bayer AD, Lindeskog M, Pugh TA, Anthoni PM, Fuchs R, Arneth A (2017) Uncertainties in the land-use flux resulting from land-use change reconstructions and gross land transitions. Earth Syst Dynam 8:91–111.
https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-8-91-2017 CrossRef Google Scholar
Brinson MM, Malvárez AI (2002) Temperate freshwater wetlands: types, status, and threats. Environ Conserv 29:115–133.
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892902000085 CrossRef Google Scholar
Compilation Office of Water Resources of Hunan Province (1985) The gazetteer of water conservancy of Dongting Lake district. Water Resources of Hunan Province, Changsha
Davidson NC (2014) How much wetland has the world lost? Long-term and recent trends in global wetland area. Mar Freshw Res 65:934–941.
https://doi.org/10.1071/MF14173 CrossRef Google Scholar
Department of Land and Resources of Hunan Province (2011) The historical atlas of Dongting Lake. Hunan Map Publishing House, Changsha
Department of Water Resources of Hunan Province (1987) The atlas of polder in Dongting Lake district in Hunan Province. Hunan Map Publishing House, Changsha
Department of Water Resources of Hunan Province (1989) The gazetteer of water conservancy of Dongting Lake. Water Resources of Hunan Province, Changsha
Ellis EC, Kaplan JO, Fuller DQ, Vavrus S, Goldewijk K, Verburg PH (2013) Used planet: a global history. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110:7978–7985.
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1217241110 CrossRef Google Scholar
Erb K, Luyssaert S, Meyfroidt P, Pongratz J, Don A, Kloster S, Kuemmerle T, Fetzel T, Fuchs R, Herold M, Haberl H (2017) Land management: data availability and process understanding for global change studies. Global Chang Boil 23:512–533.
https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13443 CrossRef Google Scholar
Gaillard MJ, Morrison K, Madella M, Whitehouse N (2018) Past land-use and land-cover change: the challenge of quantification at the subcontinental to global scales. Past Glob Change Magazine 26:3.
https://doi.org/10.22498/pages.26.1.3 CrossRef Google Scholar
Garcia-Acevedo MR (2001) The confluence of water, patterns of settlement, and construction of the border in the Imperial and Mexicali valleys 1900–1999. In: Blatter J, Ingram HM (eds) Reflections on water: new approaches to transboundary conflicts and cooperation. MIT Press, Cambridge
Gedan KB, Silliman BR, Bertness MD (2009) Centuries of human-driven change in salt marsh ecosystems. Annu Rev Mar Sci 1:117–141.
https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.marine.010908.163930 CrossRef Google Scholar
Goldewijk KK (2001) Estimating global land use change over the past 300 years: the HYDE Database. Global Biogeochem Cy 15:417–433.
https://doi.org/10.1029/1999GB001232 CrossRef Google Scholar
Goldewijk KK, Beusen A, van Drecht G, de Vos M (2011) The HYDE 3.1 spatially explicit database of human-induced global land-use change over the past 12,000 years. Global Ecol Biogeogr 20:73–86.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00587.x CrossRef Google Scholar
Goldewijk KK, Beusen A, Doelman J, Stehfest E (2017) Anthropogenic land use estimates for the Holocene–HYDE 3.2. Earth Syst Sci Data 9:927–953.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-9-927-2017 CrossRef Google Scholar
Gong S (1996) The agricultural geography of Hubei and Hunan in Qing dynasty. Central China Normal University Press, Wuhan
Han M (2012) Chinese historical agricultural geography. Peking University Press, Beijing
Hao Z, Zheng J, Ge Q, Wang W (2012) Winter temperature variations over the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River since 1736 AD. Clim Past 8:1023–1030.
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-8-1023-2012 CrossRef Google Scholar
He F, Li M, Li S (2017) Reconstruction of Lu-level cropland areas in the Northern Song Dynasty (AD976–1078). J Geogr Sci 27:606–618.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11442-017-1395-3 CrossRef Google Scholar
Hoeksema R (2007) Three stages in the history of land reclamation in the Netherlands. Irrig Drain 56(S1):S113–S126.
https://doi.org/10.1002/ird.340 CrossRef Google Scholar
Kaplan JO, Krumhardt KM, Zimmermann N (2009) The prehistoric and preindustrial deforestation of Europe. Quat Sci Rev 28:3016–3034.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.09.028 CrossRef Google Scholar
Kaplan JO, Krumhardt KM, Ellis EC, Ruddiman WF, Lemmen C, Goldewijk KK (2011) Holocene carbon emissions as a result of anthropogenic land cover change. Holocene 21:775–791.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683610386983 CrossRef Google Scholar
Li Y (2014) The development history of evolution, brief, and governance in Dongting Lake. Hunan University Press, Changsha
Li S, He F, Zhang X (2016) A spatially explicit reconstruction of cropland cover in China from 1661 to 1996. Reg Environ Chang 16:417–428.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-014-0751-4 CrossRef Google Scholar
Li M, He F, Yang F, Li S (2018) Reconstructing provincial cropland area in eastern China during the early Yuan Dynasty (AD1271–1294). J Geogr Sci 28:1994–2006.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11442-018-1576-8 CrossRef Google Scholar
Lu X (2016) The man-land relationship and regional society in the middle reach of Yangtze River. Xiamen University Press, Xiamen
Marks RB (2011) China: Its environment and history. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Lanham
Martín-Antón M, Negro V, del Campo J, López-Gutiérrez J, Esteban M (2016) Review of coastal land reclamation situation in the world. J Coast Res 75:667–671.
https://doi.org/10.2112/SI75-133.1 CrossRef Google Scholar
Mei L, Zhang G, Yan C (1995) The history of the development in the plain of Hubei and Hunan. Jiangxi Education Publishing House, Nanchang
Nguyen HH, Dargusch P, Moss P, Tran DB (2016) A review of the drivers of 200 years of wetland degradation in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Reg Environ Chang 16:2303–2315.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-016-0941-3 CrossRef Google Scholar
Ramankutty N, Foley JA (1999) Estimating historical changes in global land cover: croplands from 1700 to 1992. Glob Biogeochem Cycles 13:997–1027.
https://doi.org/10.1029/1999gb900046 CrossRef Google Scholar
Segeren WA (1983) Introduction to Polders of the World. Water Int 8:51–54.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02508068308686006 CrossRef Google Scholar
Verhoeven JT, Setter TL (2010) Agricultural use of wetlands: opportunities and limitations. Ann Bot 105:155–163.
https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcp172 CrossRef Google Scholar
Wang J, Gao M, Guo H, Chen E (2016) Spatiotemporal distribution and historical evolution of polders in the Dongting Lake area, China. J Geogr Sci 26:1561–1578.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11442-016-1344-6 CrossRef Google Scholar
Waz A, Creed IF (2017) Automated techniques to identify lost and restorable wetlands in the Prairie Pothole Region. Wetlands 37:1079–1091.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s13157-017-0942-0 CrossRef Google Scholar
Wei X, Ye Y, Zhang Q, Fang X (2015) Methods for cropland reconstruction based on gazetteers in the Qing dynasty (1644–1911): a case study in Zhili Province, China. Appl Geogr 65:82–92.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2015.11.002 CrossRef Google Scholar
Wei X, Ye Y, Zhang Q, Fang X (2016) Reconstruction of cropland change over the past 300 years in the Jing-Jin-Ji area, China. Reg Environ Chang 16:2097–2109.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-016-0933-3 CrossRef Google Scholar
Wei X, Ye Y, Zhang Q, Li B, Wei Z (2019) Reconstruction of cropland change in North China Plain Area over the past 300 years. Glob Planet Chang 176:60–70.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2019.01.010 CrossRef Google Scholar
Wu G, Hao Z, Zheng J (2010) Reconstruction and analysis of seasonal precipitation in Nanjing since 1736. Sci Geogr Sin 30:936–942.
https://doi.org/10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2010.06.005 CrossRef Google Scholar
Yang X, Jin X, Du X, Xiang X, Han J, Shan W, Fan Y, Zhou Y (2016) Multi-agent model-based historical cropland spatial pattern reconstruction for 1661–1952, Shandong Province, China. Glob Planet Chang 143:175–188.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.06.010 CrossRef Google Scholar
Ye Y, Fang X, Ren Y, Zhang X, Chen L (2009) Cropland cover change in Northeast China during the past 300 years. Sci China Earth Sci 52:1172–1182.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11430-009-0118-8 CrossRef Google Scholar
Ye Y, Wei X, Li F, Fang X (2015) Reconstruction of cropland cover changes in the Shandong Province over the past 300 years. Sci Rep 5:13642.
https://doi.org/10.1038/srep13642 CrossRef Google Scholar
Yuan C, Ye Y, Tang C, Fang X (2017) Accuracy Comparison of Gridded Historical Cultivated Land Data in Jiangsu and Anhui Provinces. Chin Geogr Sci 27:273–285.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11769-017-0862-1 CrossRef Google Scholar
Zhang X, Luo Z, Wu X, Chen X (1999) The economy of Hunan over the past 50 years. Hunan People’s Publishing House, Changsha
Zou Y, Zhang X, Wang S (2013) The physical geography in Chinese history. Science Press, Beijing
Google Scholar Copyright information
© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019