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Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 113–123 | Cite as

Climate change, adaptation, and agricultural output

  • Patrick M. Regan
  • Hyun KimEmail author
  • Emily Maiden
Original Article

Abstract

Recent studies have estimated that climate-generated extreme weather disasters have reduced crop yields globally by up to 10%. By incorporating indicators of adaptive capacity and sensitivity, we develop empirical models of the relationship between extreme weather disasters and agricultural output between 1995 and 2010. Using panel data models, we find that the greater the adaptive capacity of a country, the more attenuated are the expected agricultural losses from extreme weather disasters. In effect, climate-related agricultural consequences vary as a function of the heterogeneity across countries. Much of this heterogeneity in adaptive capacity is a result of policy choices about structural preparedness. Our results allow us to draw inferences about crop yields under different levels of adaptive capacity in the context of climate change.

Keywords

Adaptive capacity Climate change adaptation Crop yields Extreme weather disasters Sensitivity 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA
  2. 2.Notre Dame Global Adaptation InitiativeUniversity of Notre DameSouth BendUSA
  3. 3.Kroc Institute for International Peace StudiesUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA

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