Regional Environmental Change

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 573–579 | Cite as

Brazil’s Amazonian protected areas as a bulwark against regional climate change

  • Euler Melo Nogueira
  • Aurora Miho Yanai
  • Sumaia Saldanha de Vasconcelos
  • Paulo Maurício Lima de Alencastro Graça
  • Philip Martin Fearnside
Essay

Abstract

Brazil’s Amazonian protected areas play an important role in maintaining the environmental services of the region, including Amazonia’s role in regional and global climate. These protected areas face threats both from deforestation and from degradation of standing forest. Preserving carbon stocks in protected areas is important both because of the climatic benefit of avoiding greenhouse gas emissions and because of the potential to provide a monetary value that contributes to supporting local human populations in ways that maintain rather than destroy the forest. REDD+ represents one potential mechanism for maintaining these areas. A variety of legal threats to protected areas in Brazilian Amazonia has arisen, leading to concern over the future of these areas and their role as a bulwark against regional climate change.

Keywords

Conservation units Indigenous reserves Biomass REDD Amazon Global warming 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the National Institute for Research in Amazonia (INPA: PRJ15.125), the National Institute of Science and Technology for the Environmental Services of Amazonia (INCT-SERVAMB), the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq/PCI Program Proc. 304130/2013-3 and 301183/2015-5; CNPq: Proc. 304020/2010-9; 573810/2008-7), the Foundation for Support of Research in Amazonas State (FAPEAM: Proc. 708565), and the National Postdoctoral Program (PNPD/CAPES: Proc. No. 028176/2009-41) for financial and logistical support. This article is a contribution of the Brazilian Research Network on Global Climate Change, FINEP/Rede CLIMA Grant Number 01.13.0353-00. Three reviewers contributed valuable comments.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Euler Melo Nogueira
    • 1
    • 2
  • Aurora Miho Yanai
    • 1
  • Sumaia Saldanha de Vasconcelos
    • 1
  • Paulo Maurício Lima de Alencastro Graça
    • 1
    • 3
  • Philip Martin Fearnside
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.National Institute for Research in Amazonia (INPA)ManausBrazil
  2. 2.Guanambi FacultyGuanambiBrazil
  3. 3.Brazilian Research Network on Climate Change (RedeClima)São PauloBrazil

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