The effect of photobiomodulation on total amount of substance P in gingival crevicular fluid: placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial
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To investigate the effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) and placebo on total amount of substance P in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) pre- and postoperatively. Twenty-six patients having tooth with symptomatic apical periodontitis were enrolled in this study. GCF was collected preoperatively. The patients were assigned into two groups (n = 13), as follows: placebo and PBM. Sampling was repeated 7 days after root canal treatment. Two independent samples T test was used for analyzing of the differences between preoperative and postoperative substance P levels in GCF (p = .05). The Pearson correlation analysis was used for determination of correlation among substance P levels and other variables. For placebo group, there is no significant difference between preoperative and postoperative total amounts of substance P level (p = 0.553). For PBM group, postoperative total amount of substance P level was significantly higher than those of preoperative level (p = 0.005). Within the limitation of the present study, PBM has immunomodulation effect linked to the modulation of the total amount of substance P in the gingival crevicular fluid. Thai Clinical Trials Registry: TCTR20161228002
KeywordsSubstance P Photobiomodulation Postoperative pain Gingival crevicular fluid
The work was supported by the Department of Endodontics, Erzurum, Turkey.
Compliance with ethical standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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