Environmental policy efficiency: measurement and determinants
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This paper provides measurement of relative public environmental policy efficiency (EPE) at country level. We use data envelopment analysis methods to construct measures of relative efficiency, for 39 countries over the period 1995–2010. Then, we estimate a truncated regression model, using the bootstrap method of Simar and Wilson (J Econom 136(1):31–64, 2007) in order to determine the factors that affect EPE. Our findings indicate that (i) EPE is affected both by economic and political variables, (ii) the effect of the political regime on EPE depends on the level of economic development. Our results are robust across alternative specifications.
KeywordsPolicy efficiency Democracy DEA Environmental policy
We would like to thank Fabio Antoniou, Thanasis Lapatinas, Dimitris Panayotou, Nikos Tsakiris and Thomas Moutos for valuable suggestions and discussions. We have also benefited from comments by Nikos Benos, Michael Chletsos, Manthos Delis, Anastasia Litina, Nikos Mylonidis as well as the participants at the seminar series of the University of Ioannina. Any remaining errors are ours. This research has been co-financed by the European Union (European Social Fund-ESF) and Greek National Funds through the Operational Program ’Education and Lifelong Learning’ of the National Strategic Reference Framework (NSRF)-Research Funding Program THALIS.
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